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E-Z-EM, Inc.MRI Resource Directory:
 - Manufacturers -

[This entry is marked for removal.]

E-Z-EM, Inc. is headquartered in New York and develops, manufactures and markets diagnostic imaging products used by radiologists like the MRI bowel marker Gadolite® Oral Suspension.
In addition to medical diagnostics systems, the company's products include MR-compatible interventional devices, such as biopsy needles. E-Z-EM is also a third-party contract manufacturer of contrast media .
Bracco Diagnostics, Inc. , the US-based subsidiary of Bracco Imaging S.p.A. and part of the Bracco Group, announced in Oct. 2007 that it has entered into a merger agreement to acquire E-Z-EM, Inc. (NASDAQ: EZEM) for a total consideration of about $ 240 million . Upon completion of the procedure and subject to the approval of the regulatory authorities, Bracco Diagnostics Inc. will incorporate E-Z-EM.

Product Information
Gadolite® Oral Suspension ?

Contact Information
Westbury, New York
PHONE +1-800-544-4624

• View the NEWS results for 'E-Z-EM, Inc.' (1).Open this link in a new window.
Echelon™ 1.5TInfoSheet: - Devices -
Types of Magnets, 
Overview, etc.

From Hitachi Medical Systems America Inc.;
Hitachi expanded its portfolio with the Echelon™ 1.5T. The MRI scanner combines a compact magnet and a scalable 8-channel RF system with high-performance gradients and slew rate to select short echo times, small field of views, high matrices and thin slices. Standard features of the Echelon MRI system include higher-order active shim, RAPID (parallel imaging for use on brain MRI, body, cardiovascular imaging, and orthopedic coils), multiple coil ports, and an advanced reconstruction engine.

Device Information and Specification
SURFACE COILS Head, body coil, spine, breast, knee, shoulder, vascular multiple array coils.
SYNCHRONIZATION Cardiac gating, ECG/peripheral, respiratory gating
PULSE SEQUENCES SE, IR, FSE, FIR, GE, SG, BASG, PBSG, PCIR, DWI, Radial, Angiography: TOF, FLUTE (Fluoro-triggered bolus MRA), Time-resolved MRA
IMAGING MODES Single, multislice, volume study
PIXEL INTENSITY Level Range: -2,000 to +4,000
MAGNET TYPE Superconducting
POWER REQUIREMENTS 208/220/240 V, single phase
CRYOGEN USE Low cryogen boil-off
SLEW RATE 150 T/m/sec
SHIMMING Higher-order active shim


• View the NEWS results for 'Echelon™ 1.5T' (3).Open this link in a new window.

• View the DATABASE results for 'Echelon™ 1.5T' (2).Open this link in a new window

Further Reading:
Echelon 1.5T
MRI Resources 
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EchoForum -
there are related threads
In MRI, an echo is the emission of energy in form of an electromagnetic resonance signal of a nuclei after its excitation. At this point spins are back in phase again and the signal is measured. The desired number of echoes is selectable. Often until eight echoes are permissible for 2D or 3D scans using spin echo, inversion recovery or MIX techniques. Two echoes are permissible for all other techniques. A multi echo imaging sequence is needed for simultaneous measurement of T2 and density weighted images.

• View the NEWS results for 'Echo' (4).Open this link in a new window.

• View the DATABASE results for 'Echo' (305).Open this link in a new window

Further Reading:
  News & More:
Ultrashort echo time (UTE) MRI of the spine in thalassaemia
February 2004   by    
UCLA chemists use MRI to peek at temperatures of gases inside catalytic reactors
Thursday, 24 October 2013   by    
Echo Offset
Echo offset is the time setting of spin echo and gradient echo to be not coincident and to generate phase differences between different spectral line signals (e.g., water and fat). The echo offset is the product of the frequency line difference and the time difference (TD) in the echo times and is equal to the magnitude of the result of the phase difference between two spectral lines. Phases may not change linearly with echo offset time in the presence of a large field inhomogeneity. An echo offset excitation pulse sequence can be used in the magnetic field mapping method, to generate maps from which the standard deviation of the phase difference can be calculated.
Further Reading:
  News & More:
T1rho-prepared balanced gradient echo for rapid 3D T1rho MRI
Monday, 1 September 2008   by    
Echo Planar ImagingInfoSheet: - Sequences -
Intro, Overview, 
Types of, 
etc.MRI Resource Directory:
 - Sequences -
Echo Planar Imaging Timing Diagram

(EPI) Echo planar imaging is one of the early magnetic resonance imaging sequences (also known as Intascan), used in applications like diffusion, perfusion, and functional magnetic resonance imaging. Other sequences acquire one k-space line at each phase encoding step. When the echo planar imaging acquisition strategy is used, the complete image is formed from a single data sample (all k-space lines are measured in one repetition time) of a gradient echo or spin echo sequence (see single shot technique) with an acquisition time of about 20 to 100 ms. The pulse sequence timing diagram illustrates an echo planar imaging sequence from spin echo type with eight echo train pulses. (See also Pulse Sequence Timing Diagram, for a description of the components.)
In case of a gradient echo based EPI sequence the initial part is very similar to a standard gradient echo sequence. By periodically fast reversing the readout or frequency encoding gradient, a train of echoes is generated.
EPI requires higher performance from the MRI scanner like much larger gradient amplitudes. The scan time is dependent on the spatial resolution required, the strength of the applied gradient fields and the time the machine needs to ramp the gradients.
In EPI, there is water fat shift in the phase encoding direction due to phase accumulations. To minimize water fat shift (WFS) in the phase direction fat suppression and a wide bandwidth (BW) are selected. On a typical EPI sequence, there is virtually no time at all for the flat top of the gradient waveform. The problem is solved by "ramp sampling" through most of the rise and fall time to improve image resolution.
The benefits of the fast imaging time are not without cost. EPI is relatively demanding on the scanner hardware, in particular on gradient strengths, gradient switching times, and receiver bandwidth. In addition, EPI is extremely sensitive to image artifacts and distortions.


• View the NEWS results for 'Echo Planar Imaging' (1).Open this link in a new window.

• View the DATABASE results for 'Echo Planar Imaging' (19).Open this link in a new window

Further Reading:
New Imaging Method Makes Brain Scans 7 Times Faster
Sunday, 9 January 2011   by    
MRI Resources 
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