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Searchterm 'Spatial Resolution' was also found in the following services: 
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Spatial Resolution
 
The smallest distance between two points in the object that can be distinguished as separate details in the image, generally indicated as a length or a number of black and white line pairs per mm (lp/mm).
The specific criterion for resolution to be used, depends on the type of test used (e.g., bar pattern or contrast-detail phantom). As the ability to separate or detect objects depends on their contrast and the noise, and the different MR parameters of objects will affect image contrast differently for different imaging techniques, care must be taken in comparing the results of resolution phantom tests of different machines and no single simple measure of resolution can be specified.
The resolution may be an isotropic one. The resolution may be larger than the size corresponding to the discrete image element (pixel), although it cannot be smaller.
 
Images, Movies, Sliders:
 MRI - Anatomic Imaging of the Ankle 1  Open this link in a new window
    
SlidersSliders Overview

 Anatomic MRI of the Knee 1  Open this link in a new window
    
SlidersSliders Overview

 
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• Related Searches:
    • Contrast Resolution
    • Field of View
    • 3 Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Angiography
    • Cardiac MRI
    • Contrast Enhanced MRI
 
Further Reading:
  Basics:
Faster speed, better spatial resolution lead 3T benefits
   by sipi.usc.edu    
Musculoskeletal MRI at 3.0 T: Relaxation Times and Image Contrast
Sunday, 1 August 2004   by www.ajronline.org    
Bringing innovative technologies together
Monday, 18 November 2013   by www.european-hospital.com    
  News & More:
New Paradigm for Nanoscale Resolution MRI Experimentally Achieved
Friday, 27 September 2013   by www.sciencedaily.com    
3-D Virus Imaging wth Magnetic Resonance Force Microscopy
Wednesday, 14 January 2009   by www.medgadget.com    
Searchterm 'Spatial Resolution' was also found in the following service: 
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Ultrasound  (10) Open this link in a new window
3 Dimensional Magnetic Resonance AngiographyInfoSheet: - Sequences - 
Intro, 
Overview, 
Types of, 
etc.MRI Resource Directory:
 - MRA -
 
(3D MRA) The 3D angiography technique can be applied to focus on fast flowing (arterial) blood and to visualize small tortuous vessels. 3D TOF images are less sensitive to turbulent flow artifacts. The advantage of this approach is that the signal, acquired from the entire volume has an increased signal to noise ratio. Slices are defined by a second phase encoded axis, which divides the volume into 'partitions'. 3D TOF MRA is acquired with 3D FT slabs or multiple overlapping thin 3D FT slabs (MOTSA) depending on the coverage required and the range of flow-velocities under examination.
Such 3D techniques can provide equal spatial resolution along all three axes, i.e. be 'isotropic', or the partition thickness can be greater or less than the in plane spatial resolution in which case can be said to be 'anisotropic'. The circle of Willis, anatomy as well as its fast arterial flow, lends itself well to both 3D TOF and 2D or 3D phase contrast angiography.
 
Images, Movies, Sliders:
 CE MRA of the Aorta  Open this link in a new window
    
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 PCA-MRA 3D Brain Venography Colored MIP  Open this link in a new window
    

 CE-MRA of the Carotid Arteries Colored MIP  Open this link in a new window
    
SlidersSliders Overview

 Circle of Willis, Time of Flight, MIP  Open this link in a new window
    
SlidersSliders Overview

 
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Further Reading:
  Basics:
CHAPTER 55: Ischemia
2003
Magnetic resonance angiography: current status and future directions
Wednesday, 9 March 2011   by www.jcmr-online.com    
MRI Resources 
Research Labs - Claustrophobia - Knee MRI - Pregnancy - Online Books - RIS
 
Contrast Enhanced MRIInfoSheet: - Contrast Agents - 
Intro, Overview, 
Characteristics, 
Types of, 
etc.MRI Resource Directory:
 - Contrast Enhanced MRI -
 
Contrast enhanced MRI is a commonly used procedure in magnetic resonance imaging. The need to more accurately characterize different types of lesions and to detect all malignant lesions is the main reason for the use of intravenous contrast agents.
Some methods are available to improve the contrast of different tissues. The focus of dynamic contrast enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) is on contrast kinetics with demands for spatial resolution dependent on the application. DCE-MR imaging is used for diagnosis of cancer (see also liver imaging, abdominal imaging, breast MRI, dynamic scanning) as well as for diagnosis of cardiac infarction (see perfusion imaging, cardiac MRI). Quantitative DCE-MRI requires special data acquisition techniques and analysis software.
Contrast enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (CE-MRA) allows the visualization of vessels and the temporal resolution provides a separation of arteries and veins. These methods share the need for acquisition methods with high temporal and spatial resolution.
Double contrast administration (combined contrast enhanced (CCE) MRI) uses two contrast agents with complementary mechanisms e.g., superparamagnetic iron oxide to darken the background liver and gadolinium to brighten the vessels. A variety of different categories of contrast agents are currently available for clinical use.
Reasons for the use of contrast agents in MRI scans are:
Relaxation characteristics of normal and pathologic tissues are not always different enough to produce obvious differences in signal intensity.
Pathology that is sometimes occult on unenhanced images becomes obvious in the presence of contrast.
Enhancement significantly increases MRI sensitivity.
In addition to improving delineation between normal and abnormal tissues, the pattern of contrast enhancement can improve diagnostic specificity by facilitating characterization of the lesion(s) in question.
Contrast can yield physiologic and functional information in addition to lesion delineation.
Imaging of arteries and veins with contrast enhanced angiography (CE MRA).

Common Indications:
Brain MRI : Preoperative/pretreatment evaluation and postoperative evaluation of brain tumor therapy, CNS infections, noninfectious inflammatory disease and meningeal disease.
Spine MRI : Infection/inflammatory disease, primary tumors, drop metastases, initial evaluation of syrinx, postoperative evaluation of the lumbar spine: disk vs. scar.
Breast MRI : Detection of breast cancer in case of dense breasts, implants, malignant lymph nodes, or scarring after treatment for breast cancer, diagnosis of a suspicious breast lesion in order to avoid biopsy.

For Ultrasound Imaging (USI) see Contrast Enhanced Ultrasound at US-TIP.com. See also Blood Pool Agents, Myocardial Late Enhancement, Cardiovascular Imaging, Contrast Enhanced MR Venography, Contrast Resolution, Dynamic Scanning, Lung Imaging, Hepatobiliary Contrast Agents, Contrast Medium and MRI Guided Biopsy.

 
Images, Movies, Sliders:
 Delayed Myocardial Contrast Enhancement from Infarct  Open this link in a new window
      

Courtesy of  Robert R. Edelman
 Left Circumflex Ischemia First-pass Contrast Enhancement  Open this link in a new window
      

Courtesy of  Robert R. Edelman

 Normal Lung Gd Perfusion MRI  Open this link in a new window
 MRI of the Brain Stem with Temoral Bone and Auditory System  Open this link in a new window
    
SlidersSliders Overview

 Breast MRI Images T1 Pre - Post Contrast  Open this link in a new window
 
Radiology-tip.comContrast Enhanced Computed Tomography
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Radiology-tip.comContrast Enhanced Ultrasound,  Contrast Enhanced Doppler Imaging
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• View the DATABASE results for 'Contrast Enhanced MRI' (14).Open this link in a new window


• View the NEWS results for 'Contrast Enhanced MRI' (8).Open this link in a new window.
 
Further Reading:
  Basics:
Optimal k-Space Sampling for Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced MRI with an Application to MR Renography
Thursday, 5 November 2009   by www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov    
Background MRI Enhancement Up in Premenopausal Breast Cancer
Friday, 7 June 2013   by www.doctorslounge.com    
Bringing innovative technologies together
Monday, 18 November 2013   by www.european-hospital.com    
  News & More:
The Effects of Breathing Motion on DCE-MRI Images: Phantom Studies Simulating Respiratory Motion to Compare CAIPIRINHA-VIBE, Radial-VIBE, and Conventional VIBE
Tuesday, 7 February 2017   by www.kjronline.org    
MRI Contrast Agent Analysis from Bruker
Sunday, 11 August 2013   by www.azom.com    
CMC Contrast Granted Orphan Drug Designation by the FDA for its Liver Specific MRI Contrast Media CMC-001
Wednesday, 27 November 2013   by news.gnom.es    
All-organic MRI Contrast Agent Tested In Mice
Monday, 24 September 2012   by cen.acs.org    
A groundbreaking new graphene-based MRI contrast agent
Friday, 8 June 2012   by www.nanowerk.com    
Novel Imaging Technique Improves Prostate Cancer Detection
Tuesday, 6 January 2015   by health.ucsd.edu    
New oxygen-enhanced MRI scan 'helps identify most dangerous tumours'
Thursday, 10 December 2015   by www.dailymail.co.uk    
Searchterm 'Spatial Resolution' was also found in the following services: 
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News  (8)  Resources  (1)  Forum  (1)  
 
ABLAVAR™InfoSheet: - Contrast Agents - 
Intro, Overview, 
Characteristics, 
Types of, 
etc.
 
ABLAVAR™ (formerly named Vasovist™) is a blood pool agent for magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), which opens new medical imaging possibilities in the evaluation of aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD) in patients with suspected peripheral vascular disease.
ABLAVAR™ binds reversibly to blood albumin, providing imaging with high spatial resolution up to 1 hour after injection, due to its high relaxivity and to the long lasting increased signal intensity of blood.
As with other contrast media: the possibility of serious or life-threatening anaphylactic or anaphylactoid reactions, including cardiovascular, respiratory and/or cutaneous manifestations, should always be considered.
WARNING: NEPHROGENIC SYSTEMIC FIBROSIS Gadolinium-based contrast agents increase the risk for nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) in patients with acute or chronic severe renal insufficiency (glomerular filtration rate less than 30 mL/min/1.73m2), or acute renal insufficiency of any severity due to the hepato-renal syndrome or in the perioperative liver transplantation period.
See also Cardiovascular Imaging, Adverse Reaction, Molecular Imaging, and MRI Safety.

Drug Information and Specification
NAME OF COMPOUND Diphenylcyclohexyl phosphodiester-Gd-DTPA, gadofosveset trisodium, MS-325
DEVELOPER EPIX Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
CENTRAL MOIETY Gd2+
CONTRAST EFFECT T1, predominantly positive enhancement
RELAXIVITY 20-45 mmol-1sec-1, Bo=0,47T
PHARMACOKINETIC Intravascular
OSMOLALITY 825 mOsmol/kg H2O
CONCENTRATION 244 mg/mL, 0.25mmol/mL
DOSAGE 0.12 mL/kg, 0.03 mmol/kg
PREPARATION ready to use
INDICATION Contrast enhanced magnetic resonance angiography
DEVELOPMENT STAGE FDA approved
DISTRIBUTOR See below
PRESENTATION 10 mL vials
DO NOT RELY ON THE INFORMATION PROVIDED HERE, THEY ARE NOT A SUBSTITUTE FOR THE ACCOMPANYING PACKAGE INSERT

Distribution Information
TERRITORY TRADE NAME DEVELOPMENT
STAGE
DISTRIBUTOR
EU Vasovist™ Approved ?
USA, Canada, Australia ABLAVAR™ Approved Lantheus Medical Imaging, Inc.

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• View the DATABASE results for 'ABLAVAR™' (3).Open this link in a new window


• View the NEWS results for 'ABLAVAR™' (1).Open this link in a new window.
 
Further Reading:
  Basics:
Ablavar Prescribing Information
   by www.ablavar.com    
  News & More:
The first FDA-approved blood-pool MR agent offers additional time for imaging and possibly some new applications
Thursday, 1 July 2010   by www.radiologytoday.net    
Searchterm 'Spatial Resolution' was also found in the following service: 
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Ultrasound  (10) Open this link in a new window
AIRIS II™InfoSheet: - Devices -
Intro, 
Types of Magnets, 
Overview, 
etc.MRI Resource Directory:
 - Devices -
 
www.hitachimed.com/products/airis_2.asp

From Hitachi Medical Systems America Inc.;
the AIRIS II, an entry in the diagnostic category of open MR systems, was designed by Hitachi Medical Systems America Inc. (Twinsburg, OH, USA) and Hitachi Medical Corp. (Tokyo) and is manufactured by the Tokyo branch. A 0.3 T field-strength magnet and phased array coils deliver high image quality without the need for a tunnel-type high-field system, thereby significantly improving patient comfort not only for claustrophobic patients.


Device Information and Specification
CLINICAL APPLICATION Whole body
CONFIGURATION Vertical Field, Open MRI
SURFACE COILS QD Head, MA Head and Neck, QD C-Spine, MA or QD Shoulder, MA CTL Spine, QD Knee, Neck, QD TMJ, QD Breast, QD Flex Body (4 sizes), Small and Large Extrem., QD Wrist, MA Foot and Ankle (WIP), PVA (WIP)
SPECTROSCOPY No
SYNCHRONIZATION Cardiac gating, ECG/peripheral, respiratory gating (2 modes)
PULSE SEQUENCES SE, GE, GR, IR, FIR, STIR, FSE, ss-FSE, FLAIR, EPI -DWI, SE-EPI, ms - EPI, SSP, MTC, SARGE, RSSG, TRSG, MRCP, Angiography: CE, 2D/3D TOF
IMAGING MODES Single, multislice, volume study
TR SE: 30 - 10,000msec GE: 20 - 10,000msec IR: 50 - 16,700msec FSE: 200 - 16,7000msec
TE SE : 10 - 250msec IR: 10 -250msec GE: 5 - 50 msec FSE: 15 - 2,000
SINGLE/MULTI SLICE 0.05 sec/image (256 x 256)
FOV 5cm to 42 cm continuous
SLICE THICKNESS 2D: 2 - 100 mm; 3D: 0.5 - 5 mm
DISPLAY MATRIX 1280 x 1024
MEASURING MATRIX 512 x 512
PIXEL INTENSITY Level Range: -2,000 to +4,000
SPATIAL RESOLUTION Sub millimeter
MAGNET TYPE Self-shielded, permanent
BORE DIAMETER
or W x H
110 x 43 cm
MAGNET WEIGHT 15,700 kg
H*W*D 79 x 111 x 73 cm
POWER REQUIREMENTS 208/220/240 V, single phase
COOLING SYSTEM TYPE Air-cooled
CRYOGEN USE
FIELD STRENGTH 0.3 T
STRENGTH 15 mT/m
5 GAUSS FRINGE FIELD 2.0 m lateral, 2.5 m vert./long
SHIMMING Auto shimming, 3-axis/patient, and volume shim

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• View the DATABASE results for 'AIRIS II™' (2).Open this link in a new window

MRI Resources 
Non-English - Contrast Enhanced MRI - MRI Technician and Technologist Jobs - MRI Technician and Technologist Career - MRI Training Courses - Research Labs
 
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