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 PROBE          PROton Brain Examination 
Searchterm 'probe' was found in the Abbreviation Register. 
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The portion of a MR spectrometer comprising the sample container and the RF coils, with some associated electronics. The RF coils may consist of separate receiver and transmitter coils in a crossed coil configuration, or, alternatively, a single coil to perform both functions.
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Complex Rephasing Integrated with Surface ProbesInfoSheet: - Sequences - 
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(CRISP) A specific pulse sequence, wherein the application of strategic gradient pulses can compensate for the objectionable spin phase effects of flow motion.
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Flow CompensationInfoSheet: - Artifacts - 
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Flow compensation is based on the principle of even echo rephasing and a function of specific pulse sequences, wherein the application of strategic gradient pulses can compensate for the objectionable spin phase effects of flow motion. Gradient moment nulling of the first order of flow is another adjustment for the reduction of flow artifacts.
Gradient field changes can be configured in such a way that during an echo the magnetization signal vectors for all pixels have zero phase angle independent of velocities, accelerations etc. of the measured tissue. The simplest velocity-compensated pulse sequence is the symmetrical second echo of a spin echo pulse sequence.
Strategic gradient pulses are integrated in special sequences (e.g. CRISP, Complex Rephasing Integrated with Surface Probes) and for the most sequences flow compensation is an optional parameter.
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Further Reading:
  Basics:
Motion Compensation in MR Imaging
   by ccn.ucla.edu    
Flow comp off: An easy technique to confirm CSF flow within syrinx and aqueduct
Wednesday, 2 January 2013   by medind.nic.in    
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Magnetic Field Mapping
 
The mapping of the magnetic field by measuring or imaging the spatial distribution of magnetic field strength, can be performed by scanning with a probe and handles a large range of field strengths, but is slow and tedious. Accurate field maps can be made by measuring the Larmor frequency as a function of position.
The field must be homogeneous enough to allow MR imaging to be performed, than the magnetic field can be mapped by different methods.
1. The adaptation of chemical shift imaging.
2. The faster one measures the change in signal phase in an image obtained with a gradient echo pulse sequence resulting from a change in echo time TE, which is proportional to the local field strength.
Also useful is a spin echo pulse sequence with data collection from two time locations of the readout gradient and the data acquisition interval, where each having a known shift of the acquisition center away from the spin echo.
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Spectrometer
 
The part of the NMR system that actually produce the NMR phenomenon and acquire the signals, including the magnet, the probe, the RF circuitry, the gradient coils, etc. The spectrometer is controlled via the interface.
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