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Result : Searchterm 'Out of Phase' found in 1 term [] and 17 definitions [], (+ 14 Boolean[] results
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Out of Phase
 
Water and fat signals being in or out of phase result from the FFE method and the slight difference in resonance frequencies of the protons. It can cause black "outlining" of tissues and decrease in signal from voxel containing both water and fat. At 1.5 T, the water and fat signal are in phase when TE is an even multiple, and out of phase when TE is an odd multiple of 2.3 ms.
1.5T: OUT of PHASE = 2.3, 6.9, 11.5, 16.1, 20.7 ms
1.0T: OUT of PHASE = 3.5, 10.4, 17.3, 24.2 ms
0.5T: OUT of PHASE = 6.9, 20.7 ms
See also Opposed Phase Image, and Dixon.
 
Images, Movies, Sliders:
 MRI Liver Out Of Phase  Open this link in a new window
    
 
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• Related Searches:
    • Proton
    • Gradient Echo
    • Larmor Equation
    • Resonance Frequency
    • Black Boundary Artifact
 
Further Reading:
  Basics:
Artifacts in MRI
Saturday, 1 October 2011   by www.huc.min-saude.pt    
  News & More:
Adrenal Myelolipoma
Tuesday, 19 June 2001   by www.emedicine.com    
Improved shim method based on the minimization of the maximum off-resonance frequency for balanced SSFP
Monday, 1 June 2009   by www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov    
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Ultrasound  (1) Open this link in a new window
In PhaseForum -
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Water and fat signals being in or out of phase result from the gradient echo method and the slight difference in resonance frequencies of the protons. At 1.5 T, the water and fat signal are in phase when TE is an even multiple, and out of phase when TE is an odd multiple of 2.3 ms. With FFE Imaging, it is often advisable to use a TE value equal or close to an in phase value.
1.5T: IN PHASE = 4.6, 9.2, 13.8, 18.4, 23.0 ms
1.0T: IN PHASE = 6.9, 13.8, 20.7, 27.6 ms
0.5T: IN PHASE = 13.8, 27.6 ms
See also Out of Phase and Dixon.
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• View the DATABASE results for 'In Phase' (25).Open this link in a new window


• View the NEWS results for 'In Phase' (14).Open this link in a new window.
 
Further Reading:
  Basics:
Scanning the Abdomen
   by www.mrprotocols.com    
  News & More:
Adrenal Metastases
Friday, 15 March 2002   by www.emedicine.com    
Iron overload: accuracy of in-phase and out-of-phase MRI as a quick method to evaluate liver iron load in haematological malignancies and chronic liver disease
Friday, 1 June 2012   by www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov    
MRI Resources 
Safety Products - Developers - MRA - Health - NMR - Pregnancy
 
Dual Echo Fast Gradient EchoInfoSheet: - Sequences - 
Intro, 
Overview, 
Types of, 
etc.
 
(DE FGRE, Dual/FFE, DE FFE) Simultaneously acquired in and out of phase TE gradient echo images. To quantitatively measure the signal intensity differences between out of phase and in phase images the parameters should be the same except for the TE.
The chemical shift artifact appearing on the out-of-phase image allows for the detection of lipids in the liver or adrenal gland, such as diffuse fatty infiltration, focal fatty infiltration, focal fatty sparing, benign adrenocortical masses and intracellular lipids within a hepatocellar neoplasm, where spin echo and fat suppression techniques are not as sensitive. Specific pathologies that have been reported include liver lipoma, angiomyolipoma, myelolipoma, metastatic liposarcoma, teratocarcinoma, melanoma, haemorrhagic neoplasm and metastatic choriocarcinoma.

 
Images, Movies, Sliders:
 MRI Liver In Phase  Open this link in a new window
    
 MRI Liver Out Of Phase  Open this link in a new window
    
 
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• View the DATABASE results for 'Dual Echo Fast Gradient Echo' (2).Open this link in a new window

 
Further Reading:
  News & More:
Adrenal Myelolipoma
Tuesday, 19 June 2001   by www.emedicine.com    
Searchterm 'Out of Phase' was also found in the following services: 
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News  (4)  
 
Opposed Phase ImageInfoSheet: - Sequences - 
Intro, 
Overview, 
Types of, 
etc.
 
An image in which the signal from two spectral components (such as fat and water) is 180° out of phase and leads to destructive interference in a voxel.
Since fat precesses slower than water, based on their chemical shift, their signals will decay and precess in the transverse plane at different frequencies. When the phase of the TE becomes opposed (180°), their combined signal intensities subtract with each other in the same voxel, producing a signal void or dark band at the fat/water interface of the tissues being examined.
Opposed phase gradient echo imaging for the abdomen is a lipid-type tissue sensitive sequence particularly for the liver and adrenal glands, which puts a signal intensity around abnormal water-based tissues or lesions that are fatty. Due to the increased sensitivity of opposed phase, the tissue visualization increases the lesion-to-liver contrast and exhibits more signal intensity loss in tissues containing small amounts of lipids compared to a spin echo T1 with fat suppression. Using an opposed phase gradient echo also provides the ability to differentiate various pathologies in the brain, including lipids, methaemoglobin, protein, calcifications and melanin.
See also Out of Phase, and Dixon.
 
Images, Movies, Sliders:
 MRI Liver Out Of Phase  Open this link in a new window
    
 
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• View the DATABASE results for 'Opposed Phase Image' (5).Open this link in a new window

 
Further Reading:
  Basics:
Scanning the Abdomen
   by www.mrprotocols.com    
  News & More:
Adrenal Myelolipoma
Tuesday, 19 June 2001   by www.emedicine.com    
Iron overload: accuracy of in-phase and out-of-phase MRI as a quick method to evaluate liver iron load in haematological malignancies and chronic liver disease
Friday, 1 June 2012   by www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov    
Searchterm 'Out of Phase' was also found in the following service: 
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Ultrasound  (1) Open this link in a new window
Abdominal ImagingMRI Resource Directory:
 - Abdominal Imaging -
 
General MRI of the abdomen can consist of T1 or T2 weighted spin echo, fast spin echo (FSE, TSE) or gradient echo sequences with fat suppression and contrast enhanced MRI techniques. The examined organs include liver, pancreas, spleen, kidneys, adrenals as well as parts of the stomach and intestine (see also gastrointestinal imaging). Respiratory compensation and breath hold imaging is mandatory for a good image quality.
T1 weighted sequences are more sensitive for lesion detection than T2 weighted sequences at 0.5 T, while higher field strengths (greater than 1.0 T), T2 weighted and spoiled gradient echo sequences are used for focal lesion detection. Gradient echo in phase T1 breath hold can be performed as a dynamic series with the ability to visualize the blood distribution. Phases of contrast enhancement include the capillary or arterial dominant phase for demonstrating hypervascular lesions, in liver imaging the portal venous phase demonstrates the maximum difference between the liver and hypovascular lesions, while the equilibrium phase demonstrates interstitial disbursement for edematous and malignant tissues.
Out of phase gradient echo imaging for the abdomen is a lipid-type tissue sensitive sequence and is useful for the visualization of focal hepatic lesions, fatty liver (see also Dixon), hemochromatosis, adrenal lesions and renal masses. The standards for abdominal MRI vary according to clinical sites based on sequence availability and MRI equipment. Specific abdominal imaging coils and liver-specific contrast agents targeted to the healthy liver tissue improve the detection and localization of lesions.
See also Hepatobiliary Contrast Agents, Reticuloendothelial Contrast Agents, and Oral Contrast Agents.

For Ultrasound Imaging (USI) see Abdominal Ultrasound at US-TIP.com.
 
Images, Movies, Sliders:
 MR Colonography Gadolinium per Rectum  Open this link in a new window
      

Courtesy of  Robert R. Edelman
 Anatomic Imaging of the Liver  Open this link in a new window
      

 CE MRA of the Aorta  Open this link in a new window
    
SlidersSliders Overview

 
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• View the DATABASE results for 'Abdominal Imaging' (11).Open this link in a new window


• View the NEWS results for 'Abdominal Imaging' (3).Open this link in a new window.
 
Further Reading:
  Basics:
Abdominal MRI at 3.0 T: The Basics Revisited
Wednesday, 20 July 2005   by www.ajronline.org    
Usefulness of MR Imaging for Diseases of the Small Intestine: Comparison with CT
2000   by www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov    
MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING OF FOCAL LIVER LESIONS(.pdf)
2002
  News & More:
RSI-MRI imaging technology can effectively differentiate aggressive prostate cancer
Thursday, 2 June 2016   by www.news-medical.net    
Computer-aided detection and diagnosis for prostate cancer based on mono and multi-parametric MRI: A review - Abstract
Tuesday, 28 April 2015   by urotoday.com    
MRI for differentiating ovarian endometrioid adenocarcinoma from high-grade serous adenocarcinoma
Wednesday, 29 April 2015   by 7thspace.com    
MRI identifies 'hidden' fat that puts adolescents at risk for disease
Tuesday, 27 February 2007   by www.eurekalert.org    
Nottingham scientists exploit MRI technology to assist in the treatment of IBS
Thursday, 9 January 2014   by www.news-medical.net    
New MR sequence helps radiologists more accurately evaluate abnormalities of the uterus and ovaries
Thursday, 23 April 2009   by www.eurekalert.org    
MRI Resources 
Blood Flow Imaging - Bioinformatics - MRI Technician and Technologist Schools - NMR - Pediatric and Fetal MRI - Safety Products
 
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