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Result : Searchterm 'breath hold' found in 2 terms [] and 23 definitions []
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Breath Hold ImagingMRI Resource Directory:
 - Abdominal Imaging -
 
Breath hold imaging in MRI is a technique with one ore more stoppage of breathing during the sequence and require therefore a short scan time. Breath hold techniques are used with fast gradient echo sequences in thoracic or abdominal regions with much respiratory movement.
Breath hold cine MRI techniques are used in cardiovascular imaging and provide detailed views of the beating heart in different cardiac axes.
Breath hold imaging requires the full cooperation of the patient, caused by usual MRI scan times from 15 to 20 sec.. In some cases breath holding can be practiced outside the MRI scanner to improve patient cooperation with the examination. Shorter scan times e.g. by parallel imaging techniques, or the administration of oxygen can help the patient to hold the breath during the scan.
See also Abdominal Imaging.
 
Images, Movies, Sliders:
 MRI Upper Abdomen T1 with Contrast  Open this link in a new window
 Normal Dual Inversion Fast Spin-echo  Open this link in a new window
 Anatomic Imaging of the Lungs  Open this link in a new window
 
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• Related Searches:
    • Lung Imaging
    • Abdominal Imaging
    • Liver Imaging
    • Contrast Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Angiography
    • Cardiac MRI
 
Further Reading:
  News & More:
The Effects of Breathing Motion on DCE-MRI Images: Phantom Studies Simulating Respiratory Motion to Compare CAIPIRINHA-VIBE, Radial-VIBE, and Conventional VIBE
Tuesday, 7 February 2017   by www.kjronline.org    
Controlling patient's breathing makes cardiac MRI more accurate
Friday, 13 May 2016   by www.upi.com    
Accurate T1 Quantification Using a Breath-hold Inversion Recovery TrueFISP Sequence
2003   by rsna2003.rsna.org    
MRI Resources 
Most Wanted - Fluorescence - Nerve Stimulator - MRI Accidents - Blood Flow Imaging - Manufacturers
 
Volumetric Interpolated Breath Hold ExaminationInfoSheet: - Sequences - 
Intro, 
Overview, 
Types of, 
etc.
 
(VIBE) A T1 weighted 3D FLASH breath hold technique with fat selective prepulse.
Used for dynamic liver, pancreas, pelvis, thorax, orbit imaging and MR colonoscopy.
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Further Reading:
  Basics:
The Effects of Breathing Motion on DCE-MRI Images: Phantom Studies Simulating Respiratory Motion to Compare CAIPIRINHA-VIBE, Radial-VIBE, and Conventional VIBE
Tuesday, 7 February 2017   by www.kjronline.org    
MRI techniques improve pulmonary embolism detection
Monday, 19 March 2012   by medicalxpress.com    
MRI Resources 
Health - RIS - Stimulator pool - Brain MRI - Education pool - Shoulder MRI
 
Respiratory Compensation
 
Respiratory compensation reduces motion artifacts due to breathing. The approach is to reassign the echoes that are sensitive to respiratory motion in the central region of k-space. The outer lines of phase encoding normally contain the echoes where the motion from expiration is the greatest. The central portion of k-space will have encoded the echoes where inspiration and expiration are minimal. By a bellows device fixed to the abdomen, monitoring of the diaphragm excursion is possible. Respiratory compensation does not increase scan time with most systems.
An advantage of very fast sequences is the possibility of breath holding during the acquisition to eliminate motion artifacts. Breath hold is commonly used on most abdominal studies where images are acquired using gradient echo-based sequences during a brief inspiratory period (20-30 seconds). To enhance the breath holding endurance of the patient, connecting the patient to oxygen at a 1-liter flow rate via a nasal cannula has been shown to be helpful.
Also called PEAR, Respiratory Trigger, Respiratory Gating, PRIZE, FREEZE, Phase Reordering.
See also Phase Encoding Artifact Reduction, Respiratory Ordered Phase Encoding.
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• View the DATABASE results for 'Respiratory Compensation' (4).Open this link in a new window

 
Further Reading:
  News & More:
Controlling patient's breathing makes cardiac MRI more accurate
Friday, 13 May 2016   by www.upi.com    
Searchterm 'breath hold' was also found in the following services: 
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News  (2)  Forum  (5)  
 
Abdominal ImagingMRI Resource Directory:
 - Abdominal Imaging -
 
General MRI of the abdomen can consist of T1 or T2 weighted spin echo, fast spin echo (FSE, TSE) or gradient echo sequences with fat suppression and contrast enhanced MRI techniques. The examined organs include liver, pancreas, spleen, kidneys, adrenals as well as parts of the stomach and intestine (see also gastrointestinal imaging). Respiratory compensation and breath hold imaging is mandatory for a good image quality.
T1 weighted sequences are more sensitive for lesion detection than T2 weighted sequences at 0.5 T, while higher field strengths (greater than 1.0 T), T2 weighted and spoiled gradient echo sequences are used for focal lesion detection. Gradient echo in phase T1 breath hold can be performed as a dynamic series with the ability to visualize the blood distribution. Phases of contrast enhancement include the capillary or arterial dominant phase for demonstrating hypervascular lesions, in liver imaging the portal venous phase demonstrates the maximum difference between the liver and hypovascular lesions, while the equilibrium phase demonstrates interstitial disbursement for edematous and malignant tissues.
Out of phase gradient echo imaging for the abdomen is a lipid-type tissue sensitive sequence and is useful for the visualization of focal hepatic lesions, fatty liver (see also Dixon), hemochromatosis, adrenal lesions and renal masses. The standards for abdominal MRI vary according to clinical sites based on sequence availability and MRI equipment. Specific abdominal imaging coils and liver-specific contrast agents targeted to the healthy liver tissue improve the detection and localization of lesions.
See also Hepatobiliary Contrast Agents, Reticuloendothelial Contrast Agents, and Oral Contrast Agents.

For Ultrasound Imaging (USI) see Abdominal Ultrasound at US-TIP.com.
 
Images, Movies, Sliders:
 MR Colonography Gadolinium per Rectum  Open this link in a new window
      

Courtesy of  Robert R. Edelman
 Anatomic Imaging of the Liver  Open this link in a new window
      

 CE MRA of the Aorta  Open this link in a new window
    
SlidersSliders Overview

 
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• View the DATABASE results for 'Abdominal Imaging' (11).Open this link in a new window


• View the NEWS results for 'Abdominal Imaging' (3).Open this link in a new window.
 
Further Reading:
  Basics:
Abdominal MRI at 3.0 T: The Basics Revisited
Wednesday, 20 July 2005   by www.ajronline.org    
Usefulness of MR Imaging for Diseases of the Small Intestine: Comparison with CT
2000   by www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov    
MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING OF FOCAL LIVER LESIONS(.pdf)
2002
  News & More:
RSI-MRI imaging technology can effectively differentiate aggressive prostate cancer
Thursday, 2 June 2016   by www.news-medical.net    
Computer-aided detection and diagnosis for prostate cancer based on mono and multi-parametric MRI: A review - Abstract
Tuesday, 28 April 2015   by urotoday.com    
MRI for differentiating ovarian endometrioid adenocarcinoma from high-grade serous adenocarcinoma
Wednesday, 29 April 2015   by 7thspace.com    
MRI identifies 'hidden' fat that puts adolescents at risk for disease
Tuesday, 27 February 2007   by www.eurekalert.org    
Nottingham scientists exploit MRI technology to assist in the treatment of IBS
Thursday, 9 January 2014   by www.news-medical.net    
New MR sequence helps radiologists more accurately evaluate abnormalities of the uterus and ovaries
Thursday, 23 April 2009   by www.eurekalert.org    
MRI Resources 
Pediatric and Fetal MRI - Safety Products - Abdominal Imaging - Stimulator pool - Mobile MRI Rental - Implant and Prosthesis pool
 
Contrast Enhanced Magnetic Resonance AngiographyInfoSheet: - Sequences - 
Intro, 
Overview, 
Types of, 
etc.MRI Resource Directory:
 - MRA -
 
(CE MRA) Contrast enhanced MR angiography is based on the T1 values of blood, the surrounding tissue, and paramagnetic contrast agent.
T1-shortening contrast agents reduces the T1 value of the blood (approximately to 50 msec, shorter than that of the surrounding tissues) and allow the visualization of blood vessels, as the images are no longer dependent primarily on the inflow effect of the blood. Contrast enhanced MRA is performed with a short TR to have low signal (due to the longer T1) from the stationary tissue, short scan time to facilitate breath hold imaging, short TE to minimize T2* effects and a bolus injection of a sufficient dose of a gadolinium chelate.
Images of the region of interest are performed with 3D spoiled gradient echo pulse sequences. The enhancement is maximized by timing the contrast agent injection such that the period of maximum arterial concentration corresponds to the k-space acquisition. Different techniques are used to ensure optimal contrast of the arteries e.g., bolus timing, automatic bolus detection, bolus tracking, care bolus. A high resolution with near isotropic voxels and minimal pulsatility and misregistration artifacts should be striven for. The postprocessing with the maximum intensity projection (MIP) enables different views of the 3D data set.
Unlike conventional MRA techniques based on velocity dependent inflow or phase shift techniques, contrast enhanced MRA exploits the gadolinium induced T1-shortening effects. CE MRA reduces or eliminates most of the artifacts of time of flight angiography or phase contrast angiography. Advantages are the possibility of in plane imaging of the blood vessels, which allows to examine large parts in a short time and high resolution scans in one breath hold. CE MRA has found a wide acceptance in the clinical routine, caused by the advantages:
3D MRA can be acquired in any plane, which means that greater vessel coverage can be obtained at high resolution with fewer slices (aorta, peripheral vessels);
the possibility to perform a time resolved examination (similarly to conventional angiography);
no use of ionizing radiation; paramagnetic agents have a beneficial safety.


 
Images, Movies, Sliders:
 CE-MRA of the Carotid Arteries  Open this link in a new window
    
SlidersSliders Overview

 CE MRA of the Aorta  Open this link in a new window
    
SlidersSliders Overview

 CE-MRA of the Carotid Arteries Colored MIP  Open this link in a new window
    
SlidersSliders Overview

 
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• View the DATABASE results for 'Contrast Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Angiography' (14).Open this link in a new window


• View the NEWS results for 'Contrast Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Angiography' (2).Open this link in a new window.
 
Further Reading:
  Basics:
Contrast-Enhanced MR Angiography(.pdf)
   by ric.uthscsa.edu    
CONTRAST ENHANCED MR ANGIOGRAPHY – PRINCIPLES, APPLICATIONS, TIPS AND PITFALLS(.pdf)
  News & More:
CONTRAST-ENHANCED MRA OF THE CAROTIDS(.pdf)
PERIPHERAL VASCULAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE ANGIOGRAPHY(.pdf)
CONTRAST ENHANCED MRI OF THE LIVER STATE-OF-THE-ART(.pdf)
MRI Resources 
Equipment - Most Wanted - MRI Technician and Technologist Jobs - Societies - Veterinary MRI - Contrast Agents
 
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