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Result : Searchterm 'Velocity' found in 4 terms [] and 24 definitions []
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Velocity
 
Speed in a particular direction.
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• Related Searches:
    • Intravoxel Incoherent Motion
    • Blood Flow-Velocity
    • Flow
    • Perfusion Imaging
    • Phase Contrast Angiography
 
Further Reading:
  Basics:
Motion Compensation in MR Imaging
   by ccn.ucla.edu    
  News & More:
Magnetic resonance flow velocity and temperature mapping of a shape memory polymer foam device
Thursday, 31 December 2009   by 7thspace.com    
Synopsis: Bubbles Leave Trouble in Their Wake
Thursday, 28 June 2012   by physics.aps.org    
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Velocity Encoding
 
(VENC) A specialized technique used for encoding flow-velocities.
The velocity encoding value is given by:
VENC = pi / gamma DELTA M1.
Gamma is the gyromagnetic ratio, and DELTA M1 is the gradient moment and is proportional to the area of the flow encoding gradient waveform.
See also Phase Contrast Sequence, Phase Contrast Angiography, and Bipolar Gradient Pulse.
 
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Further Reading:
  Basics:
Non-invasively Measuring Blood Flow Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging - NOVA™ Now Available In Europe
Wednesday, 1 October 2008   by www.medicalnewstoday.com    
Magnetic resonance flow velocity and temperature mapping of a shape memory polymer foam device
Thursday, 31 December 2009   by 7thspace.com    
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Blood Flow-Velocity
 
Velocity of flowing blood, usually measured in cm/s. It is always zero at the vessel wall and the velocity profile across a vessel can have various shapes depending upon the type of flow being observed. Laminar flow giving rise to a laminar velocity profile, plug flow giving rise to a flat velocity profile and disturbed flow can be distinguished.

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Velocity Compensation
 
See Gradient Moment Nulling.
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Further Reading:
  Basics:
Motion Compensation in MR Imaging
   by ccn.ucla.edu    
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Flow QuantificationInfoSheet: - Sequences - 
Intro, 
Overview, 
Types of, 
etc.
 
Quantification relies on inflow effects or on spin phase effects and therefore on quantifying the phase shifts of moving tissues relative to stationary tissues.
With properly designed pulse sequences (see phase contrast sequence) the pixel by pixel phase represents a map of the velocities measured in the imaging plane. Spin phase effect-based flow quantification schemes use pulse sequences specifically designed so that the phase angle in a pixel obtained upon measuring the signal is proportional to the velocity. As the relation of the phase angle to the velocity is defined by the gradient amplitudes and the gradient switch-on times, which are known, velocity can be determined quantitatively on a pixel-by-pixel basis. Once, this velocity is known, the flow in a vessel can be determined by multiplying the pixel area with the pixel velocity. Summing this quantity for all pixels inside a vessel results in a flow volume, which is measured, e.g. in ml/sec.
Flow related enhancement-based flow quantification techniques (entry phenomena) work because spins in a section perpendicular to the vessel of interest are labeled with some radio frequency RF pulse. Positional readout of the tagged spins some time T later will show the distance D they have traveled.
For constant flow, the velocity v is obtained by dividing the distance D by the time T : v = D/T. Variations of this basic principle have been proposed to measure flow, but the standard methods to measure velocity and flow use the spin phase effect.
Cardiac MRI sequences are used to encode images with velocity information. These pulse sequences permit quantification of flow-related physiologic data, such as blood flow in the aorta or pulmonary arteries and the peak velocity across stenotic valves.
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