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Result : Searchterm 'Pregnancy' found in 1 term [] and 4 definitions []
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Searchterm 'Pregnancy' was also found in the following services: 
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PregnancyMRI Resource Directory:
 - Safety -
 
MRI can be indicated for use in pregnant women if other forms of diagnostic imaging are inadequate or require exposure to ionizing radiation such as X-ray or CT.
As a safety precaution, MR scanning should be avoided in the first three months of pregnancy.
Similar considerations hold for pregnant staff of a magnetic resonance department. An epidemiological study (by Kanal, et al.) concluded that data collected from MRI technologists were negative with respect to any statistically significant elevations in the rates of spontaneous abortion, infertility and premature delivery.
However, also for psychological reasons, it might be a wise precaution that pregnant staff members do not remain in the scan room during actual scanning.
There have been several reports (results could not be reproduced) that static magnetic fields may provoke genetic mutations, changes in growth rate and leukocyte count and other effects. No reports have been published that persons exposed to magnetic fields, including staff at MR departments, have a higher incidence of genetic damage to their children than found in the average population.
This research needs further investigation and for this purpose pregnancy should be considered a relative contraindication for MR spectroscopy and MRI procedures.
Taking into account that clinical MR imaging devices operate at field strengths of between 0.2 and 2.0 T, higher field strengths need more investigation.


MRI Safety Guidance
Today, there is no sign that MR can harm the fetus or embryo (MRI is used for fetal MRI - fetography). However, if a MRI examination is ordered, there should be a strict indication for this examination.

See also the related poll result: 'MRI will have replaced 50% of x-ray exams by'
 
Images, Movies, Sliders:
 Normal Fetus  Open this link in a new window
    

Courtesy of  Robert R. Edelman
 Pregnancy and Small Bowel Obstruction  Open this link in a new window
 
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• For this and other aspects of MRI safety see our InfoSheet about MRI Safety.
• Patient-related information is collected in our MRI Patient Information.

 
• Share the entry 'Pregnancy':  Facebook  Twitter  LinkedIn  
 
• Related Searches:
    • MRI Risks
    • Contrast Medium
    • Specific Absorption Rate
    • MRI Scan
    • Contraindications
 
Further Reading:
  News & More:
MRI rules out appendicitis during pregnancy
Wednesday, 1 March 2006   by www.medicineonline.com    
MRI helps predict preterm birth
Tuesday, 15 March 2016   by www.eurekalert.org    
Searchterm 'Pregnancy' was also found in the following service: 
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Ultrasound  (29) Open this link in a new window
ContraindicationsForum -
related threadsMRI Resource Directory:
 - Safety -
 
The principal contraindications of the MRI procedure are mostly related to the presence of metallic implants in a patient. The risks of MRI scans increase with the used field strength. In general, implants are becoming increasingly MR safe and an individual evaluation is carried out for each case.


MRI Safety Guidance
Some patients should not be examined in MRI machines, or come closer than the 5 Gauss line to the system.
Absolute Contraindications for the MRI scan:
electronically, magnetically, and mechanically activated implants
ferromagnetic or electronically operated active devices like automatic cardioverter defibrillators
cardiac pacemakers
metallic splinters in the eye
ferromagnetic haemostatic clips in the central nervous system (CNS)
Patients with absolute contraindications should not be examined or only with special MRI safety precautions. Patients with an implanted cardiac pacemaker have been scanned on rare occasions, but pacemakers are generally considered an absolute contraindication. Relative contraindications may pose a relative hazard, and the type and location of an implant should be assessed prior to the MRI examination.
Relative Contraindications for the MRI scan:
cochlear implants
other pacemakers, e.g. for the carotid sinus
insulin pumps and nerve stimulators
lead wires or similar wires (MRI Safety risk)
prosthetic heart valves (in high fields, if dehiscence is suspected)
haemostatic clips (body)
non-ferromagnetic stapedial implants
Osteosynthesis material is usually anchored so well in the patients that no untoward effect will result. Another effect on metal parts in the patient's body is the heating of these parts through induction. In addition, image quality may be severely degraded. The presence of other metallic implants such as surgical clips etc. should be made known to the MRI operators. Most of these materials are non-magnetic, but if magnetic, they can pose a hazard.
See also MRI safety, Pregnancy, Claustrophobia and Tattoos.

Radiology-tip.comRadiation Safety,  As Low As Reasonably Achievable
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Radiology-tip.comUltrasound Safety
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• View the DATABASE results for 'Contraindications' (11).Open this link in a new window

 
Further Reading:
  Basics:
MRI in Patients with Implanted Devices: Current Controversies
Monday, 1 August 2016   by www.acc.org    
Newer Heart Devices Safe During MRI
Monday, 23 August 2004   by www.hospimedica.com    
Physics of MRI Safety
   by www.aapm.org    
FDA Releases New Guidance On Establishing Safety, Compatibility Of Passive Implants In MR Environments
Tuesday, 16 December 2014   by www.meddeviceonline.com    
  News & More:
Making Pacemakers and ICDs MRI-Safe
Wednesday, 8 March 2017   by www.mddionline.com    
Implantable Infusion Pumps in the Magnetic Resonance (MR) Environment: FDA Safety Communication - Important Safety Precautions
Wednesday, 11 January 2017   by www.fda.gov    
Women with permanent make-up tattoos suffer horrific facial burns after going in for MRI scans - which create an electric current in the ink
Monday, 4 July 2016   by www.dailymail.co.uk    
Positive diagnosis for neural therapeutic implants
Tuesday, 19 April 2016   by medicalxpress.com    
Codman Neuro develops new MRI-resistant programmable valve for treatment of hydrocephalus
Tuesday, 22 September 2015   by www.news-medical.net    
MRI Safety Resources 
Implant and Prosthesis pool - Pacemaker - Pregnancy - Nerve Stimulator - Cochlear Implant
 
Fetal MRI
 
Ultrasound imaging is the primary fetal monitoring modality during pregnancy, nevertheless fetal MRI is increasingly used to image anatomical regions and structures difficult to see with sonography. Given its long record of safety, utility, and cost-effectiveness, ultrasound will remain the modality of first choice in fetal screening. However, MRI is beginning to fill a niche in situations where ultrasound does not provide enough information to diagnose abnormalities before the baby's birth. Magnetic resonance imaging of the fetus provides multiplanar views also in sub-optimal positions, better characterization of anatomic details of e.g. the fetal brain, and information for planning the mode of delivery and airway management at birth.
Indications:
Fetal anomalies
Maternal tumors
Pelvimetry
Examinations of the placenta
Modern fetal MRI requires no sedatives or muscle relaxants to control fetal movement. Ultrafast MRI techniques (e.g., single shot techniques like Half Fourier Acquisition Single shot Turbo spin Echo HASTE) enable images to be acquired in less than one second to eliminate fetal motion. Such technology has led to increased usage of fetal MRI, which can lead to earlier diagnosis of conditions affecting the baby and has proven useful in planning fetal surgery and designing postnatal treatments. As MR technology continues to improve, more advances in the prenatal diagnosis and treatment of fetal abnormalities are to expect. More advances in in-utero interventions are likely as well. Eventually, fetal MRI may replace even some prenatal tests that require invasive procedures such as amniocentesis.

For Ultrasound Imaging (USI) see Fetal Ultrasound at US-TIP.com.
 
Images, Movies, Sliders:
 Normal Fetus  Open this link in a new window
    

Courtesy of  Robert R. Edelman
 Pregnancy and Small Bowel Obstruction  Open this link in a new window
    

Courtesy of  Robert R. Edelman
 Fetus (Brain) and Dermoid in Mother  Open this link in a new window
      

Courtesy of  Robert R. Edelman

 
Radiology-tip.comRadiation Safety
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Radiology-tip.comFetal Ultrasound,  4D Ultrasound
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• View the DATABASE results for 'Fetal MRI' (5).Open this link in a new window


• View the NEWS results for 'Fetal MRI' (2).Open this link in a new window.
 
Further Reading:
  Basics:
Advancing MRI scans for foetal development
Wednesday, 27 November 2013   by cordis.europa.eu    
Untangling the Maze, Imaging the Fetus
Tuesday, 30 September 2014   by www.newswise.com    
In fetal MRI, 3T shown to have it all over 1.5T
Tuesday, 12 January 2016   by www.healthimaging.com    
  News & More:
Babies benefit from pioneering 'miniature' MRI scanner in Sheffield
Friday, 24 January 2014   by www.telegraph.co.uk    
MRI helps predict preterm birth
Tuesday, 15 March 2016   by www.eurekalert.org    
3-T MRI advancing on ultrasound for imaging fetal abnormalities
Monday, 20 April 2015   by www.eurekalert.org    
Post-Mortem MRI Accurate for Fetuses, Newborns, Infants
Thursday, 16 May 2013   by www.doctorslounge.com    
Ultrasensitive Detector Pinpoints Big Problem in Tiny Fetal Heart
Tuesday, 6 April 2010   by www.sciencedaily.com    
Siemens Introduces MRI Education Tool For Pediatric Patients
Monday, 27 October 2014   by weill.cornell.edu    
Real-time MRI helps doctors assess beating heart in fetus
Thursday, 29 September 2005   by www.eurekalert.org    
Searchterm 'Pregnancy' was also found in the following services: 
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News  (3)  Resources  (1)  Forum  (1)  
 
MRI Procedure
 
The MRI device is located within a specially shielded room (Faraday cage) to avoid outside interference, caused by the use of radio waves very close in frequency to those of ordinary FM radio stations.
The MRI procedure can easily be performed through clothing and bones, but attention must be paid to ferromagnetic items, because they will be attracted from the magnetic field. A hospital gown is appropriate, or the patient should wear clothing without metal fasteners and remove any metallic objects like hairpins, jewelry, eyeglasses, clocks, hearing aids, any removable dental work, lighters, coins etc., not only for MRI safety reasons. Metal in or around the scanned area can also cause errors in the reconstructed images (artifacts). Because the strong magnetic field can displace, or disrupt metallic objects, people with an implanted active device like a cardiac pacemaker cannot be scanned under normal circumstances and should not enter the MRI area.
The MRI machine can look like a short tunnel or has an open MRI design and the magnet does not completely surround the patient. Usually the patient lies on a comfortable motorized table, which slides into the scanner, depending on the MRI device, patients may be also able to sit up. If a contrast agent is to be administered, intravenous access will be placed. A technologist will operate the MRI machine and observe the patient during the examination from an adjacent room. Several sets of images are usually required, each taking some minutes. A typical MRI scan includes three to nine imaging sequences and may take up to one hour. Improved MRI devices with powerful magnets, newer software, and advanced sequences may complete the process in less time and better image quality.
Before and after the most MRI procedures no special preparation, diet, reduced activity, and extra medication is necessary. The magnetic field and radio waves are not felt and no pain is to expect.
Movement can blur MRI images and cause certain artifacts. A possible problem is the claustrophobia that some patients experience from being inside a tunnel-like scanner. If someone is very anxious or has difficulty to lie still, a sedative agent may be given. Earplugs and/or headphones are usually given to the patient to reduce the loud acoustic noise, which the machine produces during normal operation. A technologist observes the patient during the test. Some MRI scanners are equipped with televisions and music to help the examination time pass.
MRI is not a cheap examination, however cost effective by eliminating the need for invasive radiographic procedures, biopsies, and exploratory surgery. MRI scans can also save money while minimizing patient risk and discomfort. For example, MRI can reduce the need for X-ray angiography and myelography, and can eliminate unnecessary diagnostic procedures that miss occult disease.
See also Magnetic Resonance Imaging MRI, Medical Imaging, Cervical Spine MRI, Claustrophobia, MRI Risks and Pregnancy.
For Ultrasound Imaging (USI) see Ultrasound Imaging Procedures at US-TIP.com.

See also the related poll result: 'MRI will have replaced 50% of x-ray exams by'
 
Images, Movies, Sliders:
 Brain MRI Images Axial T2  Open this link in a new window
      

 Circle of Willis, Time of Flight, MIP  Open this link in a new window
    
SlidersSliders Overview

 CE-MRA of the Carotid Arteries  Open this link in a new window
    
SlidersSliders Overview

 Breast MRI Images T2 And T1 Pre - Post Contrast  Open this link in a new window
 Sagittal Knee MRI Images T1 Weighted  Open this link in a new window
      

 
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• View the DATABASE results for 'MRI Procedure' (11).Open this link in a new window


• View the NEWS results for 'MRI Procedure' (6).Open this link in a new window.
 
Further Reading:
  News & More:
Metamaterials boost sensitivity of MRI machines
Thursday, 14 January 2016   by www.eurekalert.org    
Casting patterns make MRI safer
Tuesday, 13 January 2015   by www.engineeringcapacity.com    
Working with MRI machines may cause vertigo: Study
Wednesday, 25 June 2014   by www.cos-mag.com    
Novel Imaging Technique Improves Prostate Cancer Detection
Tuesday, 6 January 2015   by health.ucsd.edu    
MRI Improves Breast Cancer Screening in Older BRCA Carriers
Monday, 5 January 2015   by www.cancernetwork.com    
Searchterm 'Pregnancy' was also found in the following service: 
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Ultrasound  (29) Open this link in a new window
MRI RisksMRI Resource Directory:
 - Safety -
 
The subacute risks and side effects of magnetic and RF fields (for patients and staff) have been intensively examined for a long time, but there have been no long-term studies following persons who have been exposed to the static magnetic fields used in MRI. However, no permanent hazardous effects of a static magnetic field exposure upon human beings have yet been demonstrated.
Temporary possible side effects of high magnetic and RF fields:
Varying magnetic fields can induce so-called magnetic phosphenes that occur when an individual is subject to rapid changes of 2-5 T/s, which can produce a flashing sensation in the eyes. This temporary side effect does not seem to damage the eyes. Static field strengths used for clinical MRI examinations vary between 0.2 and 3.0 tesla;; field changes during the MRI scan vary in the dimension of mT/s. Experimental imaging units can use higher field strengths of up to 14.0 T, which are not approved for human use.
The Radio frequency pulses mainly produce heat, which is absorbed by the body tissue. If the power of the RF radiation is very high, the patient may be heated too much. To avoid this heating, the limit of RF exposure in MRI is up to the maximum specific absorption rate (SAR) of 4 W/kg whole body weight (can be different from country to country). For MRI safety reasons, the MRI machine starts no sequence, if the SAR limit is exceeded.
Very high static magnetic fields are needed to reduce the conductivity of nerves perceptibly. Augmentation of T waves is observed at fields used in standard imaging but this side effect in MRI is completely reversible upon removal from the magnet. Cardiac arrhythmia threshold is typically set to 7-10 tesla. The magnetohydrodynamic effect, which results from a voltage occurring across a vessel in a magnetic field and percolated by a saline solution such as blood, is irrelevant at the field strengths used.
The results of some animal and cellular studies suggest the possibility that electromagnetic fields may act as co-carcinogens or tumor promoters, but the data are inconclusive. Up to 45 tesla, no important effects on enzyme systems have been observed. Neither changes in enzyme kinetics, nor orientation changes in macromolecules have been conclusively demonstrated.
There are some publications associating an increase in the incidence of leukemia with the location of buildings close to high-current power lines with extremely low-frequency (ELF) electromagnetic radiation of 50-60 Hz, and industrial exposure to electric and magnetic fields but a transposition of such effects to MRI or MRS seems unlikely.
Under consideration of the MRI safety guidelines, real dangers or risks of an exposure with common MRI field strengths up to 3 tesla as well as the RF exposure during the MRI scan, are not to be expected.
For more MRI safety information see also Nerve Conductivity, Contraindications, Pregnancy and Specific Absorption Rate.

See also the related poll result: 'In 2010 your scanner will probably work with a field strength of'
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• View the DATABASE results for 'MRI Risks' (9).Open this link in a new window


• View the NEWS results for 'MRI Risks' (3).Open this link in a new window.
 
Further Reading:
  Basics:
MRI in Patients with Implanted Devices: Current Controversies
Monday, 1 August 2016   by www.acc.org    
Working with MRI machines may cause vertigo: Study
Wednesday, 25 June 2014   by www.cos-mag.com    
Physics of MRI Safety
   by www.aapm.org    
  News & More:
Noise from Magnetic Resonance Imaging Can Have Short-Term Impact on Hearing
Thursday, 22 February 2018   by www.diagnosticimaging.com    
Making Pacemakers and ICDs MRI-Safe
Wednesday, 8 March 2017   by www.mddionline.com    
Implantable Infusion Pumps in the Magnetic Resonance (MR) Environment: FDA Safety Communication - Important Safety Precautions
Wednesday, 11 January 2017   by www.fda.gov    
Commission delays electromagnetic fields legislation
Monday, 29 October 2007   by cordis.europa.eu:80    
FDA Dials in on MRI Safety of Passive Implantable Medical Devices
Wednesday, 24 June 2015   by www.raps.org    
When Your Kid Needs an MRI: Optimizing the Experience
Tuesday, 29 March 2016   by health.usnews.com    
Women with permanent make-up tattoos suffer horrific facial burns after going in for MRI scans - which create an electric current in the ink
Monday, 4 July 2016   by www.dailymail.co.uk    
MRI Resources 
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In 2075 (after about 100 years of ...) the MRI scan will be :
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