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Result : Searchterm 'Maximum Intensity Projection' found in 1 term [] and 4 definitions []
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MRI Resources 
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Maximum Intensity Projection
 
(MIP) MRA images can be processed by Maximum Intensity Projection to interactively create different projections. The MIP connects the high intensity dots of the blood vessels in three dimensions, providing an angiogram that can be viewed from any projection. Each point in the MIP represents the highest intensity experienced in that location on any partition within the imaging volume.
For complete interpretation the base slices should also be reviewed individually and with multiplanar reconstruction (MPR) software. The MIP can then be displayed in a CINE format or filmed as multiple images acquired from different projections. Although the maximum intensity projection (MIP) algorithm is sensitive to high signal from inflowing spins, it is also sensitive to high signal of any other etiology.
 
Images, Movies, Sliders:
 CE MRA of the Aorta  Open this link in a new window
    
SlidersSliders Overview

 CE-MRA of the Carotid Arteries  Open this link in a new window
    
SlidersSliders Overview

 PCA-MRA 3D Brain Venography Colored MIP  Open this link in a new window
    

 CE-MRA of the Carotid Arteries Colored MIP  Open this link in a new window
    
SlidersSliders Overview

 TOF-MRA Circle of Willis Inverted MIP  Open this link in a new window
    

 
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• Related Searches:
    • Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreaticography
    • Magnetic Resonance Angiography MRA
    • Staircase Artifact
    • Angiography
    • Blood Pool Agents
Searchterm 'Maximum Intensity Projection' was also found in the following services: 
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Radiology  (3) Open this link in a new windowUltrasound  (3) Open this link in a new window
Contrast Enhanced Magnetic Resonance AngiographyInfoSheet: - Sequences - 
Intro, 
Overview, 
Types of, 
etc.MRI Resource Directory:
 - MRA -
 
(CE MRA) Contrast enhanced MR angiography is based on the T1 values of blood, the surrounding tissue, and paramagnetic contrast agent.
T1-shortening contrast agents reduces the T1 value of the blood (approximately to 50 msec, shorter than that of the surrounding tissues) and allow the visualization of blood vessels, as the images are no longer dependent primarily on the inflow effect of the blood. Contrast enhanced MRA is performed with a short TR to have low signal (due to the longer T1) from the stationary tissue, short scan time to facilitate breath hold imaging, short TE to minimize T2* effects and a bolus injection of a sufficient dose of a gadolinium chelate.
Images of the region of interest are performed with 3D spoiled gradient echo pulse sequences. The enhancement is maximized by timing the contrast agent injection such that the period of maximum arterial concentration corresponds to the k-space acquisition. Different techniques are used to ensure optimal contrast of the arteries e.g., bolus timing, automatic bolus detection, bolus tracking, care bolus. A high resolution with near isotropic voxels and minimal pulsatility and misregistration artifacts should be striven for. The postprocessing with the maximum intensity projection (MIP) enables different views of the 3D data set.
Unlike conventional MRA techniques based on velocity dependent inflow or phase shift techniques, contrast enhanced MRA exploits the gadolinium induced T1-shortening effects. CE MRA reduces or eliminates most of the artifacts of time of flight angiography or phase contrast angiography. Advantages are the possibility of in plane imaging of the blood vessels, which allows to examine large parts in a short time and high resolution scans in one breath hold. CE MRA has found a wide acceptance in the clinical routine, caused by the advantages:
3D MRA can be acquired in any plane, which means that greater vessel coverage can be obtained at high resolution with fewer slices (aorta, peripheral vessels);
the possibility to perform a time resolved examination (similarly to conventional angiography);
no use of ionizing radiation; paramagnetic agents have a beneficial safety.


 
Images, Movies, Sliders:
 CE-MRA of the Carotid Arteries  Open this link in a new window
    
SlidersSliders Overview

 CE MRA of the Aorta  Open this link in a new window
    
SlidersSliders Overview

 CE-MRA of the Carotid Arteries Colored MIP  Open this link in a new window
    
SlidersSliders Overview

 
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• View the DATABASE results for 'Contrast Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Angiography' (14).Open this link in a new window


• View the NEWS results for 'Contrast Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Angiography' (2).Open this link in a new window.
 
Further Reading:
  Basics:
Contrast-Enhanced MR Angiography(.pdf)
   by ric.uthscsa.edu    
CONTRAST ENHANCED MR ANGIOGRAPHY – PRINCIPLES, APPLICATIONS, TIPS AND PITFALLS(.pdf)
  News & More:
CONTRAST-ENHANCED MRA OF THE CAROTIDS(.pdf)
PERIPHERAL VASCULAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE ANGIOGRAPHY(.pdf)
CONTRAST ENHANCED MRI OF THE LIVER STATE-OF-THE-ART(.pdf)
MRI Resources 
Examinations - Breast MRI - DICOM - MRCP - Pacemaker - Diffusion Weighted Imaging
 
Fast Relaxation Fast Spin EchoInfoSheet: - Sequences - 
Intro, 
Overview, 
Types of, 
etc.
 
(FRFSE, FR-FSE) The fast relaxation fast spin echo sequence provides high signal intensity of fluids even with short repetition times, and can be used with parallel imaging techniques for short breath hold imaging or respiratory gating for free-breathing, high isotropic resolution MR imaging. After signal decay at the end of the echo train, a negative 90° pulse align spins with long T2 from the transverse plane to the longitudinal plane, leading to a much faster recovery of tissues with long T2 time to the equilibrium and thus better contrast between tissues with long and short T2.
Fast relaxation FSE has advantages also for volumetric imaging as the TR can be substantially reduced and thus the scan time. The sequence can be post processed with maximum intensity projection, surface or volume rendering algorithms to visualize anatomical details in brain or spine MRI. Cerebro spinal fluid pulsation artifacts, often problematic in the cervical or thoracic spine may be reduced by radial sampling, in particular when combined with acquisitions of the PROPELLER type.
See also Fast spin echo, Driven Equilibrium.
 
Images, Movies, Sliders:
 Shoulder Sagittal T2 FatSat FRFSE  Open this link in a new window
    

Courtesy of  Robert R. Edelman
 Shoulder Axial T2 FatSat FRFSE  Open this link in a new window
 Shoulder Coronal T2 FatSat FRFSE  Open this link in a new window
    

Courtesy of  Robert R. Edelman
 
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MRI Resources 
Safety pool - Contrast Agents - MRI Training Courses - Spectroscopy - Developers - Functional MRI
 
Magnetic Resonance CholangiopancreaticographyMRI Resource Directory:
 - MRCP -
 
(MRCP) This MR imaging technique takes advantage of the high signal intensity of body fluids and acquires heavy T2 weighted images of the gall bladder, the pancreas and parts of the liver. Due to the T2 weighting, the liver and other solid parenchyma are signal suppressed and only fluid-filled structures in addition to the gall bladder, the bile and pancreatic ducts retain important signal intensity. Hepatobiliary contrast agents (e.g. Gadoxetic Acid, CMC 001) can be useful for enhancement of the bile ducts and better imaging of the biliary tract.
A 2D cholangiogram, often only one thick slice (a volume with a thickness of 4 - 8 cm, mostly coronal planned) or 5 - 6 radial placed slices, shows a view like single slices. If a 3D acquisition is used, the postprocessing function maximum intensity projection (MIP) can show reconstructions from multiple sides.
Radiology-tip.comBiliary Contrast Agents
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Radiology-tip.comGallbladder Ultrasound
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• View the DATABASE results for 'Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreaticography' (3).Open this link in a new window

Searchterm 'Maximum Intensity Projection' was also found in the following services: 
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Radiology  (3) Open this link in a new windowUltrasound  (3) Open this link in a new window
Postprocessing
 
MR images can be manipulated for evaluation in various ways. Postprocessing includes: Subtraction, addition, rotation, inversion, multiplanar reconstruction (MPR), maximum intensity projection (MIP), etc.
Subtraction is particularly useful in contrast enhanced MRI examinations (for example breast MRI, brain MRI). The pre contrast images are subtracted from the images after an injection of contrast agents (sometimes also called dye) for a better tumor detection.
See also Computer Aided Detection
 
Images, Movies, Sliders:
 PCA-MRA 3D Brain Venography Colored MIP  Open this link in a new window
    

 TOF-MRA Circle of Willis Inverted MIP  Open this link in a new window
    

 
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• View the DATABASE results for 'Postprocessing' (11).Open this link in a new window

 
Further Reading:
  Basics:
3D-DOCTOR Tutorial
   by www.ablesw.com    
  News & More:
CAD System Designed for MRI
Friday, 3 October 2003   by www.hospimedica.com    
MRI Resources 
Universities - Sequences - MRI Reimbursement - Devices - Case Studies - Corporations
 
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