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 'Gradient Recalled Acquisition in Steady State' 
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Result : Searchterm 'Gradient Recalled Acquisition in Steady State' found in 2 terms [] and 2 definitions [], (+ 6 Boolean[] results
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Gradient Recalled Acquisition in Steady StateInfoSheet: - Sequences - 
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(GRASS) This sequence is very similar to FLASH, except that the spoiler pulse is eliminated. As a result, any transverse magnetization still present at the time of the next RF pulse is incorporated into the steady state. GRASS uses a RF pulse that alternates in sign. Because there is still some remaining transverse magnetization at the time of the RF pulse, a RF pulse of a degree flips the spins less than a degree from the longitudinal axis. With small flip angles, very little longitudinal magnetization is lost and the image contrast becomes almost independent of T1. Using a very short TE eliminates T2* effects, so that the images become proton density weighted. As the flip angle is increased, the contrast becomes increasingly dependent on T1 and T2*. It is in the domain of large flip angles and short TR that GRASS exhibits vastly different contrast to FLASH type sequences.
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• Related Searches:
    • Incoherent Gradient Echo (Gradient Spoiled)
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    • Magnetization Prepared Rapid Gradient Echo
    • Incoherent Gradient Echo (RF Spoiled)
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Turbo Gradient Recalled Acquisition in Steady StateInfoSheet: - Sequences - 
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(TurboGRASS) This GRASS-based sequence use an inversion pulse followed by a low flip angle and short TR gradient echo train.
See also Ultrafast Gradient Echo Sequence and Gradient Recalled Acquisition in Steady State.
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Refocused Gradient Echo SequenceInfoSheet: - Sequences - 
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Refocused GRE sequences use a refocusing gradient in the phase encoding direction during the end module to maximize (refocus) remaining xy- (transverse) magnetization at the time when the next excitation is due, while the other two gradients are, in any case, balanced.
When the next excitation pulse is sent into the system with an opposed phase, it tilts the magnetization in the a direction. As a result the z-magnetization is again partly tilted into the xy-plane, while the remaining xy-magnetization is tilted partly into the z-direction.
Companies use different acronyms to describe certain techniques.
Different terms for these gradient echo pulse sequences:
R-GRE Refocused Gradient Echo,
FAST Fourier Acquired Steady State,
FFE Fast Field echo,
FISP Fast Imaging with Steady State Precession,
F-SHORT SHORT Repetition Technique Based on Free Induction Decay,
GFEC Gradient Field Echo with Contrast,
GRASS Gradient Recalled Acquisition in Steady State,
ROAST Resonant Offset Averaging in the Steady State,
SSFP Steady State Free Precession.
STERF Steady State Technique with Refocused FID
In this context, 'contrast' refers to the pulse sequence, it does not mean enhancement with a contrast agent.
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Spoiled Gradient RecalledInfoSheet: - Sequences - 
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(SPGR) The SPGR pulse sequence is similar to the spoiled GRASS sequence. The spoiled gradient recalled (SPGR) acquisition in steady state uses semi-random changes in the phase of the radio frequency (RF) pulses to produce a spatially independent phase shift.
See also Spoiled Gradient Echo Sequence and Gradient Recalled Acquisition in Steady State (GRASS).
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Driven Equilibrium Fast Gradient Recalled Acquisition in the Steady StateInfoSheet: - Sequences - 
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(DE FGR) A gradient echo sequence using a pulse, which sensitizes the sequence to variations in T2, rather than waiting for T1 relaxation.
See Driven Equilibrium, Gradient Recalled Echo Sequence and Steady State Free Precession.
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