Encoding the distribution of sources of MR signals along a direction in space with different frequencies. In general, it is necessary to acquire a set of signals with a suitable set of different frequencies in order to reconstruct the distribution of the sources along the encoded direction. In the absence of other position encoding, the Fourier transformation of the resulting signal is a one-dimensional projection profile of the object.
(BW) Bandwidth is a measure of frequency range, the range between the highest and lowest frequency allowed in the signal. For analog signals, which can be mathematically viewed as a function of time, bandwidth is the width, measured in Hertz of a frequency range in which the signal's Fourier transform is nonzero.