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Ferromagnetism
 
Ferromagnetism is a phenomenon by which a material can exhibit a spontaneous magnetization: a net magnetic moment in the absence of an external magnetic field. More recently: a material is ferromagnetic, only if all of its magnetic ions add a positive contribution to the net magnetization (for differentiation to ferrimagnetic and antiferromagnetic materials). If some of the magnetic ions subtract from the net magnetization (if they are partially anti-aligned), then the material is ferrimagnetic. If the ions anti-align completely so as to have zero net magnetization, despite the magnetic ordering, then it is an antiferromagnet. All of these alignment effects only occur at temperatures below a certain critical temperature, called the Curie temperature (for ferromagnets and ferrimagnets) or the Néel temperature (for antiferromagnets). Typical ferromagnetic materials are iron, cobalt, and nickel.
In MRI ferromagnetic objects, even very small ones, as implants or incorporations distort the homogeneity of the main magnetic field and cause susceptibility artifacts.
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Magnet basics
   by my.execpc.com    
Ferromagnetism
   by en.wikipedia.org    
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Superconducting Magnets
   by hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu    
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Ferromagnetic Contrast AgentsInfoSheet: - Contrast Agents - 
Intro, Overview, 
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A contrast agent, which due to their ferromagnetism produce local field inhomogeneities and hence visible image alterations in the tissues where they are present. Therefore, they can act as contrast media. Usually, particles exhibiting superparamagnetism rather than ferromagnetism are used.

See also the related poll result: 'The development of contrast agents in MRI is'
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Diamagnetism
 
Diamagnetism is a form of magnetism that is only exhibited by a substance in the presence of an externally applied magnetic field. It is the result of changes in the orbital motion of electrons due to the application of an externally applied magnetic field. Applying a magnetic field causes a momentary electromotive force (a consequence of Faraday's law), which modifies the electronic orbitals of atoms/molecules in a substance in such a way, that the orbitals produce an induced magnetic field, which opposes the applied field (a consequence of Lenz's law). However, the induced magnetic moment is very small in most everyday materials.
Diamagnets are repelled by magnetic fields. However, since diamagnetism is such a weak property its effects are not observable in every-day life.
However, in Magnetic Resonance Imaging for example barium sulfate suspensions lead with its weak negative magnetic susceptibility to a decrease in signal. See also magnetism, ferromagnetism, paramagnetism, and superparamagnetism.

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Magnet basics
   by my.execpc.com    
Diamagnetism
   by en.wikipedia.org    
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Magnetic SusceptibilityForum -
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(c) Magnetic susceptibility is the degree of magnetization of a material in response to a magnetic field. Paramagnetic materials strengthen the magnetic field, diamagnetic materials weaken it. The magnetic susceptibility of ferromagnetic substances is not linear; this is called differential susceptibility.
Differences in magnetic susceptibilities are a frequent cause of MRI artifacts.
See also Susceptibility Artifact, Magnetism, Diamagnetism, Paramagnetism, Ferromagnetism.
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Further Reading:
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Metal-Induced Artifacts in MRI
   by www.ajronline.org    
Magnetic susceptibility
   by en.wikipedia.org    
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Magnetism
 
Magnetic forces are fundamental forces that arise due to the movement of electrical charge. Maxwell's equations describe the origin and behavior of the fields that govern these forces. Thus, magnetism is seen whenever electrically charged particles are in motion. This can arise either from movement of electrons in an electric current, resulting in 'electromagnetism', or from the quantum-mechanical orbital motion (there is no orbital motion of electrons around the nucleus like planets around the sun, but there is an 'effective electron velocity') and spin of electrons, resulting in what are known as 'permanent magnets'.
The physical cause of the magnetism of objects, as distinct from electrical currents, is the atomic magnetic dipole. Magnetic dipoles, or magnetic moments, result on the atomic scale from the two kinds of movement of electrons. The first is the orbital motion of the electron around the nucleus this motion can be considered as a current loop, resulting in an orbital dipole magnetic moment along the axis of the nucleus. The second, much stronger, source of electronic magnetic moment is due to a quantum mechanical property called the spin dipole magnetic moment.
Gauss (G) and tesla (T) are units to define the intensity of magnetic fields. One tesla is equivalent to 10 000 gauss.
Typically, the field strength of MRI scanners is between 0.15 T and 3 T.
See also Diamagnetism, Paramagnetism, Superparamagnetism, and Ferromagnetism.
Radiology-tip.comGamma Ray,  Electromagnetic Radiation
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Further Reading:
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Magnet basics
   by my.execpc.com    
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What affects the strength of a magnet?
   by my.execpc.com    
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