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Result : Searchterm 'Computer' found in 2 terms [] and 35 definitions []
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MRI computer can be divided into central processing unit (CPU), consisting of instruction, interpretation and arithmetic unit plus fast access memory, and peripheral devices such as bulk data storage and input and output devices (including, via the interface, the spectrometer). The computer controls the RF pulses and gradients necessary to acquire data, and process the data to produce spectra or images. (Devices such as the spectrometer may themselves incorporate small computers.)
See also Digital to Analog Converter, Analog to Digital Converter, Transformer, Pulse Programmer, Array Processor, Detector.

See also the related poll result: 'Most outages of your scanning system are caused by failure of'
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University of Texas supercomputer speeds real-time MRI analysis
Thursday, 2 March 2017   by    
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Computer Aided Detection
(CAD) 'Computer aided detection' or 'computer assisted diagnosis' systems are tools to improve the efficiency and workflow in medical imaging procedures. The aim of CAD is to increase the diagnostic accuracy of screening procedures by using a computer system to locate abnormalities, improve image management, correct patient movement and assist the radiologists in the interpretation and analysis of data-intensive studies. Typical applications include the tumor detection in mammography, breast MRI, colonography, and lung imaging. Newer applications like prostate MRI are under investigation.
See also MR Guided Interventions and Breast MRI.

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Further Reading:
Study: MRI scans of knees can be used for biometric identification
Wednesday, 23 January 2013   by    
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Computer-aided detection and diagnosis for prostate cancer based on mono and multi-parametric MRI: A review - Abstract
Tuesday, 28 April 2015   by    
MRI method for measuring MS progression validated
Thursday, 19 December 2013   by    
MRI Resources 
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BitForum -
related threads
The basic unit of information.
Definition: The smallest unit of information in the storage on a computer. Eight bits are grouped together to form one byte, additional start and stop bit.
Larger units are
kilobyte (kB) = 1 000 bytes (computer storage 1024 bytes)
megabyte (MB) = 1 000 kB (computer storage 1024 kB)

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Medical Imaging
The definition of imaging is the visual representation of an object. Medical imaging began after the discovery of x-rays by Konrad Roentgen 1896. The first fifty years of radiological imaging, pictures have been created by focusing x-rays on the examined body part and direct depiction onto a single piece of film inside a special cassette. The next development involved the use of fluorescent screens and special glasses to see x-ray images in real time.
A major development was the application of contrast agents for a better image contrast and organ visualization. In the 1950s, first nuclear medicine studies showed the up-take of very low-level radioactive chemicals in organs, using special gamma cameras. This medical imaging technology allows information of biologic processes in vivo. Today, PET and SPECT play an important role in both clinical research and diagnosis of biochemical and physiologic processes. In 1955, the first x-ray image intensifier allowed the pick up and display of x-ray movies.
In the 1960s, the principals of sonar were applied to diagnostic imaging. Ultrasonic waves generated by a quartz crystal are reflected at the interfaces between different tissues, received by the ultrasound machine, and turned into pictures with the use of computers and reconstruction software. Ultrasound imaging is an important diagnostic tool, and there are great opportunities for its further development. Looking into the future, the grand challenges include targeted contrast agents, real-time 3D ultrasound imaging, and molecular imaging.
Digital imaging techniques were implemented in the 1970s into conventional fluoroscopic image intensifier and by Godfrey Hounsfield with the first computed tomography. Digital images are electronic snapshots sampled and mapped as a grid of dots or pixels. The introduction of x-ray CT revolutionised medical imaging with cross sectional images of the human body and high contrast between different types of soft tissue. These developments were made possible by analog to digital converters and computers. The multislice spiral CT technology has expands the clinical applications dramatically.
The first MRI devices were tested on clinical patients in 1980. The spread of CT machines is the spur to the rapid development of MRI imaging and the introduction of tomographic imaging techniques into diagnostic nuclear medicine. With technological improvements including higher field strength, more open MRI magnets, faster gradient systems, and novel data-acquisition techniques, MRI is a real-time interactive imaging modality that provides both detailed structural and functional information of the body.
Today, imaging in medicine has advanced to a stage that was inconceivable 100 years ago, with growing medical imaging modalities:
X-ray projection imaging
Computed tomography (CT / CAT)
Ultrasound imaging (US)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS)
Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)
Positron emission tomography (PET)
Magnetic source imaging (MSI)
All this type of scans are an integral part of modern healthcare. Because of the rapid development of digital imaging modalities, the increasing need for an efficient management leads to the widening of radiology information systems (RIS) and archival of images in digital form in picture archiving and communication systems (PACS). In telemedicine, healthcare professionals are linked over a computer network. Using cutting-edge computing and communications technologies, in videoconferences, where audio and visual images are transmitted in real time, medical images of MRI scans, x-ray examinations, CT scans and other pictures are shareable.

See also the related poll results: 'In 2010 your scanner will probably work with a field strength of', 'MRI will have replaced 50% of x-ray exams by'
Radiology-tip.comDiagnostic Imaging
Radiology-tip.comMedical Imaging

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Further Reading:
Image Characteristics and Quality
Multimodal Nanoparticles for Quantitative Imaging(.pdf)
Tuesday, 13 December 2011   by    
Medical imaging shows cost control problem
Tuesday, 6 November 2012   by    
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Positron Emission Tomographic Imaging in Stroke
Monday, 28 December 2015   by    
Multiparametric MRI for Detecting Prostate Cancer
Wednesday, 17 December 2014   by    
Combination of MRI and PET imaging techniques can prevent second breast biopsy
Sunday, 29 June 2014   by    
Zapping the Brain With Tiny Magnetic Pulses Improves Memory
Saturday, 11 October 2014   by    
3D-DOCTOR Tutorial
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3 Dimensional Fourier Transformation
(3D FT) A specialized 3D imaging technique that uses computer processing to combine individual slice acquisitions together to produce an image that represents length, width and height.
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New MRI Approach Dramatically Speeds Up Results
Monday, 27 January 2014   by    
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