Burst pulse sequences are fast imaging sequences capable of image acquisition in less than 100 ms.
Basically a train of low flip angle pulses generates a long train of echoes. The complete sequence is performed with the application of a constant read gradient. Phase encoding may be implemented using short phase encoding gradients between echoes.
The advantage of this sequence type is that it is less demanding on gradient speed than other fast techniques (e.g. echo planar imaging EPI) and it produces images, which are substantially free of susceptibility artifacts.
The disadvantage is that the technique is less sensitive than competing methods.