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 'Balanced Gradient' 
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Result : Searchterm 'Balanced Gradient' found in 1 term [] and 6 definitions [], (+ 9 Boolean[] results
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Balanced Gradient
 
A gradient waveform, which will act on any stationary spin on resonance between two consecutive RF pulses and return it to the same phase it had before the gradients were applied.

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Further Reading:
  Basics:
T1rho-prepared balanced gradient echo for rapid 3D T1rho MRI
Monday, 1 September 2008   by www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov    
Steady-state free precession imaging
   by en.wikipedia.org    
MRI Resources 
Spectroscopy - Lung Imaging - Functional MRI - Implant and Prosthesis - Mass Spectrometry - Pacemaker
 
Balanced Fast Field EchoInfoSheet: - Sequences - 
Intro, 
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(bFFE) A FFE sequence using a balanced gradient waveform. A balanced sequence starts out with a RF pulse of 90° or less and the spins in the steady state. Before the next TR in the slice phase and frequency encoding, gradients are balanced so their net value is zero. Now the spins are prepared to accept the next RF pulse, and their corresponding signal can become part of the new transverse magnetization. Since the balanced gradients maintain the transverse and longitudinal magnetization, the result is, that both T1 and T2 contrast are represented in the image. This pulse sequence produces images with increased signal from fluid, along with retaining T1 weighted tissue contrast. Because this form of sequence is extremely dependent on field homogeneity, it is essential to run a shimming prior the acquisition. A fully balanced (refocused) sequence would yield higher signal, especially for tissues with long T2 relaxation times.
See Steady State Free Precession and Gradient Echo Sequence.

 
Images, Movies, Sliders:
 Cardiac Infarct Short Axis Cine bFFE 1  Open this link in a new window
    
 
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• View the DATABASE results for 'Balanced Fast Field Echo' (3).Open this link in a new window

 
Further Reading:
  News & More:
T1rho-prepared balanced gradient echo for rapid 3D T1rho MRI
Monday, 1 September 2008   by www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov    
Utility of the FIESTA Pulse Sequence in Body Oncologic Imaging: Review
June 2009   by www.ajronline.org    
MRI Resources 
Bioinformatics - MR Guided Interventions - Stent - Musculoskeletal and Joint MRI - Contrast Agents - Quality Advice
 
Balanced SequenceForum -
related threadsInfoSheet: - Sequences - 
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This family of sequences uses a balanced gradient waveform. This waveform will act on any stationary spin on resonance between 2 consecutive RF pulses and return it to the same phase it had before the gradients were applied. A balanced sequence starts out with a RF pulse of 90° or less and the spins in the steady state. Prior to the next TR in the slice encoding, the phase encoding and the frequency encoding direction, gradients are balanced so their net value is zero. Now the spins are prepared to accept the next RF pulse, and their corresponding signal can become part of the new transverse magnetization. If the balanced gradients maintain the longitudinal and transverse magnetization, the result is that both T1 and T2 contrast are represented in the image.
This pulse sequence produces images with increased signal from fluid (like T2 weighted sequences), along with retaining T1 weighted tissue contrast. Balanced sequences are particularly useful in cardiac MRI. Because this form of sequence is extremely dependent on field homogeneity, it is essential to run a shimming prior the acquisition.
Usually the gray and white matter contrast is poor, making this type of sequence unsuited for brain MRI. Modifications like ramping up and down the flip angles can increase signal to noise ratio and contrast of brain tissues (suggested under the name COSMIC - Coherent Oscillatory State acquisition for the Manipulation of Image Contrast).
These sequences include e.g. Balanced Fast Field Echo (bFFE), Balanced Turbo Field Echo (bTFE), Fast Imaging with Steady Precession (TrueFISP, sometimes short TRUFI), Completely Balanced Steady State (CBASS) and Balanced SARGE (BASG).

 
Images, Movies, Sliders:
 Cardiac Infarct Short Axis Cine Overview  Open this link in a new window
    

Courtesy of  Robert R. Edelman
 Infarct 4 Chamber Cine  Open this link in a new window
    

Courtesy of  Robert R. Edelman
 
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• View the DATABASE results for 'Balanced Sequence' (5).Open this link in a new window

 
Further Reading:
  News & More:
Generic Eddy Current Compensation for Rapid Magnetic Resonance Imaging(.pdf)
   by www.switt.ch    
Magnetic resonance imaging guided musculoskeletal interventions at 0.23T: Chapter 4. Materials and methods
2002
Searchterm 'Balanced Gradient' was also found in the following service: 
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Balanced Turbo Field EchoInfoSheet: - Sequences - 
Intro, 
Overview, 
Types of, 
etc.MRI Resource Directory:
 - Sequences -
 
(BTFE) A gradient echo pulse sequence with a balanced gradient waveform and data acquisition after an initial preparation pulse for contrast enhancement.
See Steady State Free Precession (SSFP) and Balanced Sequence.

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• View the DATABASE results for 'Balanced Turbo Field Echo' (3).Open this link in a new window

MRI Resources 
Portals - Devices - Movies - Corporations - Manufacturers - IR
 
Cine SequenceInfoSheet: - Sequences - 
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Overview, 
Types of, 
etc.
 
Cine sequences used in cardiovascular MRI are collection of images (usually at the same spatial location) covering of one full period of cardiac cycle or over several periods in order to obtain complete coverage.
The pulse sequence used, is either a standard gradient echo pulse sequence, a segmented data acquisition, a gradient echo EPI sequence or a gradient echo with balanced gradient waveform. In cardiac gating studies it is possible to assign consecutive lines either to different images, yielding a multiphase sequence with as many images as lines, or the lines are grouped together into segments and assigned to the same image. The overall time to acquire such a segment has to be small compared to the RR-interval of the cardiac cycle, i. e. 50 ms, and hence contains typically 8 to 16 image lines.
This strategy is called segmented data acquisition, and has the advantage of reducing overall imaging time for cardiac images so that they can be acquired within a breath hold, but obviously decreasing the temporal resolution of each individual image. This method shows dynamic processes, such as the ejection of blood out of the heart into the aorta, by means of fast imaging and displaying the resulting images in a sequential-loop, the impression of a real-time movie is generated. Ejection fractions and stroke volumes calculated from these cine MRI images in different cardiac axes have been shown to be more accurate than any other imaging modality.
See also Cardiac Gating.

 
Images, Movies, Sliders:
 Angulation of Cardiac Planes Cine Images of Septal Infarct  Open this link in a new window
      

Courtesy of  Robert R. Edelman

 Cardiac Infarct Short Axis Cine Overview  Open this link in a new window
    

Courtesy of  Robert R. Edelman
 Infarct 4 Chamber Cine  Open this link in a new window
    

Courtesy of  Robert R. Edelman
 
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• View the DATABASE results for 'Cine Sequence' (2).Open this link in a new window

 
Further Reading:
  News & More:
Study Shows Cardiac MRI Use Reduces Adverse Events for Patients with Acute Chest Pain
Monday, 10 June 2013   by www.healthcanal.com    
Study identifies new way to predict prognosis for heart failure patients
Tuesday, 10 December 2013   by medicalxpress.com    
MRI Resources 
Knee MRI - MRI Physics - RIS - MR Myelography - Sequences - Supplies
 
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