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AcquisitionsForum -
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The process of measuring and storing image data.
See also Acquisition Matrix, Acquisition Time.
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    • Liver Imaging
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Further Reading:
  Basics:
Optimal k-Space Sampling for Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced MRI with an Application to MR Renography
Thursday, 5 November 2009   by www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov    
What MRI Sequences Produce the Highest Specific Absorption Rate (SAR), and Is There Something We Should Be Doing to Reduce the SAR During Standard Examinations?
Thursday, 16 April 2015   by www.ajronline.org    
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Radiology  (1) Open this link in a new window
Multi Shot Technique
 
When a multi shot technique is applied, each shot will have its own effect on the prepulse, with a scan time increase. Multiple shots allow a shorter IR delay but at the cost of increased scan time.
In multi shot technique (also called mosaic imaging), a group of samples, which are contiguous in k space are acquired in the same sequence repetition. The phase encoding steps or profiles are split into 'shots' (sub-acquisitions). The shot interval is the time between the shots. Usually kept as short as possible. Because the acquisitions are divided into different shots, each shot will have less T1 variation, thereby increasing T1 contrast. Two excitations, each requiring the data for one half of k-space, are the simplest variation of multi shot techniques (e.g. positive versus negative phase encoding). The alternative to this mosaic strategy for multi shot EPI is interleaving. In interleaved sequences, each repetition acquires every nth (n is the number of shots) line in k-space and for the complete raw data set the various repetition data are interlaced.
See also Single Shot Technique.
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Signal Averaging
 
A signal to noise improvement method that is accomplished by taking the average of several FID`s made under similar conditions to suppress the effects of random variations or random artifacts. It is a common method to increase the SNR by averaging several measurements of the signal.
The number of averages is also referred to as the number of excitations (NEX) or the number of acquisitions (NSA). Doubling the number of acquisitions will increase the SNR by the √2. The approximate amount of improvement in signal to noise (SNR) ratio is calculated as the square root of the number of excitations.
By using multiple averages, respiratory motion can be reduced in the same way that multiple averages increase the signal to noise ratio. NEX/NSA will increase SNR but will not affect contrast unless the tissues are being lost in noise (low CNR). Scan time scales directly with NEX/NSA and SNR as the square root of NEX/NSA.
The use of phase array coils allows the number of signal averages to be decreased with their superior SNR and resolution, thereby decreasing scan time.
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3 Dimensional Fourier Transformation
 
(3D FT) A specialized 3D imaging technique that uses computer processing to combine individual slice acquisitions together to produce an image that represents length, width and height.
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Further Reading:
  News & More:
New MRI Approach Dramatically Speeds Up Results
Monday, 27 January 2014   by www.healthnewsdigest.com    
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Radiology  (1) Open this link in a new window
Coronary AngiographyMRI Resource Directory:
 - Cardiovascular Imaging -
 
(MRI-CA, MRCA) The noninvasive imaging of the coronary arteries using magnetic resonance imaging of the heart.
For cardiac MRI-CA, high performance machines are necessary with minimum 40mT/m and 300µsec slew rate.
2D and 3D acquisition are used for fast gradient echo sequences with techniques for minimizing cardiac and respiratory motion and suppressing the high signal of pericardial fat. The optimal sequences seem to be trueFISP, Balanced FFE or FIESTA with SMASH and SENSE techniques. Respiratory motion is minimized for 3D acquisitions by using respiratory gating, especially using navigator echoes (Navigator Technique) to track diaphragmatic and cardiac movement. Optimization of MR technique can provide mapping of long segments of the coronary arteries.
Blood pool agents are being applied to improve the reliability of coronary MR angiography. The major current clinical indication is the identification of coronary artery anomalies because the diagnostic accuracy's for identifying haemodynamically significant stenoses are variable depending of the image quality.
See also Magnetic Resonance Angiography, and Cardiac MRI.

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Further Reading:
  Basics:
Role of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Visualizing Coronary Arteries
Monday, 2 August 2004   by www.clinmedres.org    
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Graphic illustration
Tuesday, 12 February 2008   by www.theengineer.co.uk    
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