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Inversion RecoveryForum -
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(IR) Inversion recovery is an MRI technique, which can be incorporated into MR imaging, wherein the nuclear magnetization is inverted at a time on the order of T1 before the regular imaging pulse-gradient sequences. The resulting partial relaxation of the spins in the different structures being imaged can be used to produce an image that depends strongly on T1. This may bring out differences in the appearance of structures with different T1 relaxation times. Note that this does not directly produce an image of T1. T1 in a given region can be calculated from the change in the MR signal from the region due to the inversion pulse compared to the signal with no inversion pulse or an inversion pulse with a different inversion time. This sequence involves successive 180° and 90° pulses. The inversion recovery sequence is specified in terms of three parameters, inversion time (TI), repetition time (TR) and echo time (TE).
See also Inversion Recovery Sequence and FLAIR.
 
Images, Movies, Sliders:
 Brain MRI Inversion Recovery  Open this link in a new window
    
 Knee MRI Sagittal STIR 002  Open this link in a new window
    
 Brain MRI Coronal FLAIR 001  Open this link in a new window
 
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• Related Searches:
    • Short T1 Inversion Recovery
    • Spectral Presaturation Inversion Recovery
    • Spectral Selection Attenuated Inversion Recovery
    • Flow Sensitive Alternating Inversion Recovery
    • Imaging of the Extremities
 
Further Reading:
  Basics:
T1-weighted Phase Sensitive Inversion Recovery for Imaging Multiple Sclerosis Lesions in the Cervical Spinal Cord(.pdf)
   by www.healthcare.siemens.com    
Contrast mechanisms in magnetic resonance imaging
2004   by www.iop.org    
  News & More:
Accurate T1 Quantification Using a Breath-hold Inversion Recovery TrueFISP Sequence
2003   by rsna2003.rsna.org    
MRI Resources 
IR - RIS - Guidance - Fluorescence - MRA - Software
 
Turbo Inversion RecoveryInfoSheet: - Sequences - 
Intro, 
Overview, 
Types of, 
etc.MRI Resource Directory:
 - Sequences -
 
( TIR / TIRM / IR-TSE - Inversion Recovery Turbo Spin Echo / FIR - Fast Inversion Recovery)
A turbo / fast spin echo sequence with long TI for fluid suppression (FLAIR) or with short TI for fat suppression (STIR). This sequence allows for a true inversion recovery display that shows the arithmetic sign of the signal.
TIRM means a turboIR with a magnitude display.
See also Inversion Recovery, Inversion Recovery Sequence and Fast Spin Echo.
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Further Reading:
  News & More:
Accurate T1 Quantification Using a Breath-hold Inversion Recovery TrueFISP Sequence
2003   by rsna2003.rsna.org    
MRI Resources 
RIS - MRI Centers - Sequences - Quality Advice - Image Quality - Pregnancy
 
Inversion Recovery SequenceForum -
related threadsInfoSheet: - Sequences - 
Intro, 
Overview, 
Types of, 
etc.
 
Inversion Recovery Sequence Timing Diagram (IR) The inversion recovery pulse sequence produces signals, which represent the longitudinal magnetization existing after the application of a 180° radio frequency pulse that rotates the magnetization Mz into the negative plane. After an inversion time (TI - time between the starting 180° pulse and the following 90° pulse), a further 90° RF pulse tilts some or all of the z-magnetization into the xy-plane, where the signal is usually rephased with a 180° pulse as in the spin echo sequence. During the initial time period, various tissues relax with their intrinsic T1 relaxation time.
In the pulse sequence timing diagram, the basic inversion recovery sequence is illustrated. The 180° inversion pulse is attached prior to the 90° excitation pulse of a spin echo acquisition. See also the Pulse Sequence Timing Diagram. There you will find a description of the components.
The inversion recovery sequence has the advantage, that it can provide very strong contrast between tissues having different T1 relaxation times or to suppress tissues like fluid or fat. But the disadvantage is, that the additional inversion radio frequency RF pulse makes this sequence less time efficient than the other pulse sequences.

Contrast values:
PD weighted: TE: 10-20 ms, TR: 2000 ms, TI: 1800 ms
T1 weighted: TE: 10-20 ms, TR: 2000 ms, TI: 400-800 ms
T2 weighted: TE: 70 ms, TR: 2000 ms, TI: 400-800 ms

See also Inversion Recovery, Short T1 Inversion Recovery, Fluid Attenuation Inversion Recovery, and Acronyms for 'Inversion Recovery Sequence' from different manufacturers.
 
Images, Movies, Sliders:
 Brain MRI Inversion Recovery  Open this link in a new window
    
 Knee MRI Sagittal STIR 002  Open this link in a new window
 Brain MRI Coronal FLAIR 001  Open this link in a new window
    
 
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• View the DATABASE results for 'Inversion Recovery Sequence' (8).Open this link in a new window

 
Further Reading:
  Basics:
The equation for a repeated inversion recovery sequence
Contrast mechanisms in magnetic resonance imaging
2004   by www.iop.org    
Searchterm 'Inversion Recovery' was also found in the following services: 
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Short T1 Inversion RecoveryInfoSheet: - Sequences - 
Intro, 
Overview, 
Types of, 
etc.MRI Resource Directory:
 - Sequences -
 
(STIR) Also called Short Tau (t) (inversion time) Inversion Recovery. STIR is a fat suppression technique with an inversion time TI = T1 ln2 where the signal of fat is zero (T1 is the spin lattice relaxation time of the component that should be suppressed). To distinguish two tissue components with this technique, the T1 values must be different. Fluid Attenuation Inversion Recovery (FLAIR) is a similar technique to suppress water.
Inversion recovery doubles the distance spins will recover, allowing more time for T1 differences. A 180° preparation pulse inverts the net magnetization to the negative longitudinal magnetization prior to the 90° excitation pulse. This specialized application of the inversion recovery sequence set the inversion time (TI) of the sequence at 0.69 times the T1 of fat. The T1 of fat at 1.5 Tesla is approximately 250 with a null point of 170 ms while at 0.5 Tesla its 215 with a 148 ms null point. At the moment of excitation, about 120 to 170 ms after the 180° inversion pulse (depending of the magnetic field) the magnetization of the fat signal has just risen to zero from its original, negative, value and no fat signal is available to be flipped into the transverse plane.
When deciding on the optimal T1 time, factors to be considered include not only the main field strength, but also the tissue to be suppressed and the anatomy. In comparison to a conventional spin echo where tissues with a short T1 are bright due to faster recovery, fat signal is reversed or darkened. Because body fluids have both a long T1 and a long T2, it is evident that STIR offers the possibility of extremely sensitive detection of body fluid. This is of course, only true for stationary fluid such as edema, as the MRI signal of flowing fluids is governed by other factors.
See also Fat Suppression and Inversion Recovery Sequence.
 
Images, Movies, Sliders:
 Sagittal Knee MRI Images STIR  Open this link in a new window
      

 
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• View the DATABASE results for 'Short T1 Inversion Recovery' (3).Open this link in a new window

 
Further Reading:
  Basics:
Techniques of Fat Suppression(.pdf)
   by cds.ismrm.org    
MRI GLOSSARY
   by fonar.com    
  News & More:
Contrast mechanisms in magnetic resonance imaging
2004   by www.iop.org    
MRI Resources 
IR - NMR - MRI Reimbursement - Corporations - Anatomy - Brain MRI
 
Inversion Recovery Spin Echo
 
(IRSE) Form of inversion recovery imaging in which the signal is detected as a spin echo. For TE short compared to the T2 relaxation time, there will be only a small effect of T2 differences on image intensities; for longer TE's, the effect of T2 may be significant.
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Further Reading:
  Basics:
Magnetic resonance imaging
   by www.scholarpedia.org    
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