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 '5 Gauss Line' 
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5 Gauss Line
This line specifies the perimeter around a MR scanner within which the static magnetic fields are higher than five gauss. Five gauss and below are considered 'safe' levels of static magnetic field exposure for the general public.
Portable devices requiring a separation distance between the device and the MR magnet, should not be considered 'MR Safe', 'MR Compatible', or intended for use in the MR environment. Typically the 5 gauss line is the only location where the static magnetic field strength is specified around a MR scanner. Therefore, labeling specifying a separation distance between the MR magnet and the device to ensure safe or proper operation of the device should be avoided.

See also the related poll result: 'In 2010 your scanner will probably work with a field strength of'
• For this and other aspects of MRI safety see our InfoSheet about MRI Safety.
• Patient-related information is collected in our MRI Patient Information.

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MRI Safety Resources 
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ContraindicationsForum -
related threadsMRI Resource Directory:
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The principal contraindications of the MRI procedure are mostly related to the presence of metallic implants in a patient. The risks of MRI scans increase with the used field strength. In general, implants are becoming increasingly MR safe and an individual evaluation is carried out for each case.

MRI Safety Guidance
Some patients should not be examined in MRI machines, or come closer than the 5 Gauss line to the system.
Absolute Contraindications for the MRI scan:
electronically, magnetically, and mechanically activated implants
ferromagnetic or electronically operated active devices like automatic cardioverter defibrillators
cardiac pacemakers
metallic splinters in the eye
ferromagnetic haemostatic clips in the central nervous system (CNS)
Patients with absolute contraindications should not be examined or only with special MRI safety precautions. Patients with an implanted cardiac pacemaker have been scanned on rare occasions, but pacemakers are generally considered an absolute contraindication. Relative contraindications may pose a relative hazard, and the type and location of an implant should be assessed prior to the MRI examination.
Relative Contraindications for the MRI scan:
cochlear implants
other pacemakers, e.g. for the carotid sinus
insulin pumps and nerve stimulators
lead wires or similar wires (MRI Safety risk)
prosthetic heart valves (in high fields, if dehiscence is suspected)
haemostatic clips (body)
non-ferromagnetic stapedial implants
Osteosynthesis material is usually anchored so well in the patients that no untoward effect will result. Another effect on metal parts in the patient's body is the heating of these parts through induction. In addition, image quality may be severely degraded. The presence of other metallic implants such as surgical clips etc. should be made known to the MRI operators. Most of these materials are non-magnetic, but if magnetic, they can pose a hazard.
See also MRI safety, Pregnancy, Claustrophobia and Tattoos.

Radiology-tip.comRadiation Safety,  As Low As Reasonably Achievable
Radiology-tip.comUltrasound Safety

• View the DATABASE results for 'Contraindications' (11).Open this link in a new window

Further Reading:
MRI in Patients with Implanted Devices: Current Controversies
Monday, 1 August 2016   by    
Newer Heart Devices Safe During MRI
Monday, 23 August 2004   by    
Physics of MRI Safety
FDA Releases New Guidance On Establishing Safety, Compatibility Of Passive Implants In MR Environments
Tuesday, 16 December 2014   by    
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Wednesday, 8 March 2017   by    
Implantable Infusion Pumps in the Magnetic Resonance (MR) Environment: FDA Safety Communication - Important Safety Precautions
Wednesday, 11 January 2017   by    
Women with permanent make-up tattoos suffer horrific facial burns after going in for MRI scans - which create an electric current in the ink
Monday, 4 July 2016   by    
Positive diagnosis for neural therapeutic implants
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Tuesday, 22 September 2015   by    
MRI Resources 
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Insulin PumpMRI Resource Directory:
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MRI Safety Guidance
Not necessarily a contraindication, but the examination may damage or impair it. An insulin pump can be disconnected easily for a period of time. Remove the pump while inside the 5 Gauss line, because the pump batteries and motor are magnetic.

• View the DATABASE results for 'Insulin Pump' (3).Open this link in a new window

Further Reading:
  News & More:
Implantable Infusion Pumps in the Magnetic Resonance (MR) Environment: FDA Safety Communication - Important Safety Precautions
Wednesday, 11 January 2017   by    
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MR Guided InterventionsMRI Resource Directory:
 - MR Guided Interventions -
Possible MR guided interventions are breast MRI, liver and bone biopsies. Open MRI is advantageous to guide interventional procedures because this type of MRI scanner provides a better patient access.
Before the MRI guided biopsy is started, all the necessary precautions ensuring normal sterile and safe conditions for an intervention have to be performed. This includes the special safety issues concerning MRI surroundings and special equipment, like non-magnetic biopsy needles, localization tools (e.g. wires to mark lesions prior to surgery with breast MRI guidance) etc.
See also 5 Gauss Line, Contraindications, Low Field MRI, MR Compatibility, Magnetic Resonance Guided Focused Ultrasound and Computer Aided Detection.

• View the DATABASE results for 'MR Guided Interventions' (8).Open this link in a new window

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Thursday, 24 December 2015   by    
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Tuesday, 12 November 2013   by    
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Friday, 6 December 2013   by    
MRI Resources 
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MRI SafetyMRI Resource Directory:
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There are different types of contraindications that would prevent a person from being examined with an MRI scanner. MRI systems use strong magnetic fields that attract any ferromagnetic objects with enormous force. Caused by the potential risk of heating, produced from the radio frequency pulses during the MRI procedure, metallic objects like wires, foreign bodies and other implants needs to be checked for compatibility. High field MRI requires particular safety precautions. In addition, any device or MRI equipment that enters the magnet room has to be MR compatible. MRI examinations are safe and harmless, if these MRI risks are observed and regulations are followed.

Safety concerns in magnetic resonance imaging include:
the magnetic field strength;
possible 'missile effects' caused by magnetic forces;
the potential for heating of body tissue due to the application of the radio frequency energy;
the effects on implanted active devices such as cardiac pacemakers or insulin pumps;
magnetic torque effects on indwelling metal (clips, etc.);
the audible acoustic noise;
danger due to cryogenic liquids;
the application of contrast medium;

MRI Safety Guidance
It is important to remember when working around a superconducting magnet that the magnetic field is always on. Under usual working conditions the field is never turned off. Attention must be paid to keep all ferromagnetic items at an adequate distance from the magnet. Ferromagnetic objects which came accidentally under the influence of these strong magnets can injure or kill individuals in or nearby the magnet, or can seriously damage every hardware, the magnet itself, the cooling system, etc.. See MRI resources Accidents.
The doors leading to a magnet room should be closed at all times except when entering or exiting the room. Every person working in or entering the magnet room or adjacent rooms with a magnetic field has to be instructed about the dangers. This should include the patient, intensive-care staff, and maintenance-, service- and cleaning personnel, etc..
The 5 Gauss limit defines the 'safe' level of static magnetic field exposure. The value of the absorbed dose is fixed by the authorities to avoid heating of the patient's tissue and is defined by the specific absorption rate. Leads or wires that are used in the magnet bore during imaging procedures, should not form large-radius wire loops. Leg-to-leg and leg-to-arm skin contact should be prevented in order to avoid the risk of burning due to the generation of high current loops if the legs or arms are allowed to touch. The patient's skin should not be in contact with the inner bore of the magnet.
The outflow from cryogens like liquid helium is improbable during normal operation and not a real danger for patients.
The safety of MRI contrast agents is tested in drug trials and they have a high compatibility with very few side effects. The variations of the side effects and possible contraindications are similar to X-ray contrast medium, but very rare. In general, an adverse reaction increases with the quantity of the MRI contrast medium and also with the osmolarity of the compound.
See also 5 Gauss Fringe Field, 5 Gauss Line, Cardiac Risks, Cardiac Stent, dB/dt, Legal Requirements, Low Field MRI, Magnetohydrodynamic Effect, MR Compatibility, MR Guided Interventions, Claustrophobia, MRI Risks and Shielding.
Radiology-tip.comRadiation Safety,  Ionizing Radiation
Radiology-tip.comUltrasound Safety,  Absorbed Dose

• View the DATABASE results for 'MRI Safety' (42).Open this link in a new window

• View the NEWS results for 'MRI Safety' (13).Open this link in a new window.
Further Reading:
MRI Safety
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What MRI Sequences Produce the Highest Specific Absorption Rate (SAR), and Is There Something We Should Be Doing to Reduce the SAR During Standard Examinations?
Thursday, 16 April 2015   by    
Contrast Agents: Safety Profile
  News & More:
Implantable Infusion Pumps in the Magnetic Resonance (MR) Environment: FDA Safety Communication - Important Safety Precautions
Wednesday, 11 January 2017   by    
Newer Heart Devices Safe During MRI
Monday, 23 August 2004   by    
FDA Releases New Guidance On Establishing Safety, Compatibility Of Passive Implants In MR Environments
Tuesday, 16 December 2014   by    
Modern Implantable Heart Devices Safe For Use In MRI Scans
Wednesday, 16 March 2005   by    
MRI Resources 
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